Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults inhabit coral reefs and adjacent rubble, sand and seagrass habitats (typically along the edges of coral rich fringing reef slopes, Ref. 9710). Feed mainly on hard-shelled invertebrates, especially mollusks (Ref. 5374). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to the Gulf of Oman.
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Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden to Gulf of Oman.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 500 mm TL
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Max. size

50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 8883))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Occurs on coral reefs and adjacent rubble, sand and seagrass habitats (typically along the edges of coral rich fringing reef slopes, Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on hard-shelled invertebrates , especially molluscs (Ref. 5374).
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 7 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 7
  Temperature range (°C): 26.151 - 26.151
  Nitrate (umol/L): 3.114 - 3.114
  Salinity (PPS): 36.032 - 36.032
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.462 - 4.462
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.546 - 0.546
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.277 - 4.277

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2 - 7
 
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 7 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 7
  Temperature range (°C): 26.151 - 26.151
  Nitrate (umol/L): 3.114 - 3.114
  Salinity (PPS): 36.032 - 36.032
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.462 - 4.462
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.546 - 0.546
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.277 - 4.277

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2 - 7
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 2 - 30m.
From 2 to 30 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits coral reefs and adjacent rubble, sand and seagrass habitats (typically along the edges of coral rich fringing reef slopes ). Feeds mainly on hard-shelled invertebrates, especially mollusks.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
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Conservation

Threats

Least Concern (LC)
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial; price category: very high; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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Wikipedia

Cheilinus lunulatus

The broomtail wrasse, Cheilinus lunulatus, is a species of wrasse native to the Red Sea.

Description[edit]

Cheilinus lunulatus can reach an average length of about 35 cm (14 in), with a maximum of 50 cm (20 in) in males. In adults, the head is large and bright green, with small spots. The lips are large and blue. The pectoral fins are yellow, while the abdominal, the anal, and caudal fins are dark blue. The body is yellow-green in the middle and dark purple in the other part. Close to the operculum is a characteristic bright-yellow marking on a black background. It has a long fringed caudal fin, resembling an old broom (hence the common name). Females and juveniles show large, dark stripes on their flanks. This wrasse feeds mainly on molluscs and hard-shelled invertebrates. It is oviparous.

Distribution[edit]

This species occurs in the Red Sea to the Gulf of Oman (mainly near Djibouti, Eritrea, the Seychelles, and Somalia). In the Indo-Pacific, it is replaced by the closely related Cheilinus trilobatus.

Habitat[edit]

Broomtail wrasses can be found on coral reefs and on adjacent sand and seagrass habitats, at depths of from {{convert|2|to|30|m|ft}|abbr=on}.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Choat, J.H. 2010. Cheilinus lunulatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 November 2013.
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