Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs over fine, silty or muddy sand bottoms, Ref. 48637. Usually in pairs (Ref. 90102). Sifts large mouthfuls of sand to feed and dig its own burrow.
  • Hoese, D.F. and H.K. Larson 1994 Revision of the Indo-Pacific gobiid fish genus Valenciennea, with descriptions of seven new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (23):71 p. (Ref. 8527)
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Taiwan, Macao, Hong Kong, Philippines, and from Western Australia to Sydney, New South Wales (Australia). Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
  • Hoese, D.F. and H.K. Larson 1994 Revision of the Indo-Pacific gobiid fish genus Valenciennea, with descriptions of seven new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (23):71 p. (Ref. 8527)
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West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 17; Analspines: 1; Analsoft rays: 13 - 16
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Size

Maximum size: 130 mm ---
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Max. size

13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
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Diagnostic Description

Characterized by yellowish white to pale mauve body color; blue-edged orange stripe on cheek extending along lower side to base of caudal fin; presence of pair of orange-brown stripes on back; caudal fin with dark margin and white submarginal band; juvenile has yellow stripe on midside and pair of dark stripes on back; rhomboid caudal fin; length of caudal fin 3.1-3.6 in SL; longitudinal scale series 63-92; ctenoid body scales, becoming cycloid anteriorly below first dorsal fin and on abdomen; head or midline of nape without scales; side of nape partly scaled with patch extending forward to above posterior edge of preopercle; partly or fully scaled pectoral-fin base in adult; usually scaled prepelvic area in adult; depth of body 5.5-6.3 in SL (Ref. 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 48637), usually 2 - 30 m (Ref. 27115)
  • Baensch, H.A. and H. Debelius 1997 Meerwasser atlas. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86, 49302, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. 3rd edition. (Ref. 27115)
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 3. Jawfishes - Sunfishes, Opistognathidae - Molidae. Zoonetics, Australia. p. 623-893. (Ref. 48637)
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 6.5 - 6.5
 
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Depth: 1 - 27m.
From 1 to 27 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Baensch, H.A. and H. Debelius 1997 Meerwasser atlas. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86, 49302, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. 3rd edition. (Ref. 27115)
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