Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Sporadic distribution (Ref. 48636). Adults inhabit soft bottoms of lagoons and inshore reefs around coral outcrops, rocks, debris, and others (Ref. 7247). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Western Central Pacific: Thailand (Phuket), Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Indonesia, Western Australia, Papua New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Islands, and New Caledonia. Larvae specimen were reported from Guam (Ref. 36961).
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West Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 11; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 11 - 12
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Size

Maximum size: 80 mm NG
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Max. size

11.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636))
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Diagnostic Description

Adults with long extended lobes on the dorsal and caudal fins. Plain grey with greenish shine over back. Twin yellow spots on operculum, just above pectoral fin base in juveniles (Ref. 48636).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 5 - 12 m (Ref. 7247)
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Depth range based on 5 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 30
  Temperature range (°C): 28.664 - 28.749
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.122 - 0.594
  Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 32.613
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.484
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.327 - 0.359
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.452 - 5.009

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 30

Temperature range (°C): 28.664 - 28.749

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.122 - 0.594

Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 32.613

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.484

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.327 - 0.359

Silicate (umol/l): 4.452 - 5.009
 
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Depth: 5 - 12m.
From 5 to 12 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits soft bottoms of lagoons and inshore reefs around coral outcrops, rocks, debris, etc. (Ref. 7247).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Disclaimer

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