Articles on this page are available in 2 other languages: Spanish (1), Chinese (Simplified) (4) (learn more)

Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: burrfish (English), pez erizo (Espanol)
 
Chilomycterus reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758)


Spotfin burrfish


Body rotund, can be inflated; head wide and blunt; eyes large; nasal organ an open pitted cup (in juveniles a tentacle with 2 openings); teeth fused into a strong, parrot-like beak that lacks a front groove, large, opens widely at front; gill opening a vertical slit before pectoral base; pectorals large; fins without spines; no pelvic fins; dorsal rays 12-14; anal rays 11-14; pectoral rays 19-22; body and head covered with numerous short (< eye), fixed, 3-4 rooted spines that are triangular and flattened in cross-section, and, in some cases reduced to plates under skin, ~ 8-10 in an approximate row from snout to dorsal fin; top of tail base with 1-2 spines; tail fin with 10 rays.



Grey on back grading to whitish ventrally;  scattered black spots on head, body, and median fins; also several diffuse, dusky brown bars on head and body.


Size: grows to about 75 cm; the young lead a pelagic existence until about 20 cm.

Inhabits coral and rocky reefs, but also trawled on soft bottoms.

Depth: 1-141 m.

Circumtropical and with a largely temperate distribution; California to the Baja, and the southwest and central eastern Gulf of California to Chile, and all the oceanic islands except Clipperton.
   
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Biology

Adults found in reefs and over soft bottoms to depths of 100 m, but may occur deeper in the tropics (Ref. 30573). Often found washed up on beaches. Known to brace themselves against the substrate to sleep at night (Ref. 4930). Appear to be active during the day. Juveniles often with floating weeds (Ref. 48637). Solitary. Juveniles pelagic in oceanic surface waters (Ref. 30573). Feed on hard-shelled invertebrates. Not usually marketed.
  • Leis, J.M. 2001 Diodontidae. Porcupine fishes (burrfishes). p. 3958-3965. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9680)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9680&speccode=6552 External link.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, TEP non-endemic, Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans), "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific), All Pacific (West + Central + East), East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West), Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America), East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West)

Regional Endemism: All species, Eastern Pacific non-endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Continent + Island (s), Continent, Island (s)

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap), Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Circumglobal: Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Circumglobal in warm temperate seas (including Mascarenes, Hawaiian Islands).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth

Depth Range (m): 1 (S) - 141 (S)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 14; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 11 - 14
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Size

Length max (cm): 75.0 (S)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Size

Maximum size: 550 mm TL
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Max. size

69.7 cm NG (male/unsexed; (Ref. 89467))
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Diagnostic Description

Adults grey to brown with a black gular band and small black spots on upper surfaces and fins; pelagic juveniles blue with dark spots above, the spots descending to belly (Ref. 4423).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Type for Chilomycterus reticulatus
Catalog Number: USNM 43860
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Year Collected: 1891
Locality: San Diego B., Cal., California, United States, Pacific
  • Type: Eigenmann, C. H. 1891. The American Naturalist. 25 (300): 1133.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 20 - 100 m (Ref. 9680)
  • Leis, J.M. 2001 Diodontidae. Porcupine fishes (burrfishes). p. 3958-3965. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9680)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9680&speccode=6552 External link.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 9 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 24 - 1289
  Temperature range (°C): 3.798 - 27.844
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.678 - 17.227
  Salinity (PPS): 34.546 - 36.149
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.476 - 6.123
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.168 - 1.182
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.001 - 12.329

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 24 - 1289

Temperature range (°C): 3.798 - 27.844

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.678 - 17.227

Salinity (PPS): 34.546 - 36.149

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.476 - 6.123

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.168 - 1.182

Silicate (umol/l): 2.001 - 12.329
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3 - 84

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3 - 84
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth: 0 - 100m.
Recorded at 100 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only

Habitat: Reef (rock &/or coral), Rocks, Corals, Reef and soft bottom, Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom), Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove)

FishBase Habitat: Demersal
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Trophic Strategy

Adults found in reefs and over soft bottoms to depths of 100 m, but may occur deeper in the tropics (Ref. 30573). Often found washed up on beaches. Known to brace themselves against the substrate to sleep at night (Ref. 4930). Appears to be active during the day. Juveniles often with floating weeds (Ref. 48637). Solitary. Juveniles pelagic in oceanic surface waters (Ref. 30573). Feeds on hard-shelled invertebrates. Small juveniles would be potential prey for a coelacanth (Ref. 58472).
  • Leis, J.M. 2001 Diodontidae. Porcupine fishes (burrfishes). p. 3958-3965. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9680)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9680&speccode=6552 External link.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Partner Web Site: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Feeding

Feeding Group: Carnivore

Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs), mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves, sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Chilomycterus reticulatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACACGATGATTTTTCTCAACCAACCACAAAGACATTGGCACCCTTTATCTAGTATTCGGTGCTTGGGCCGGAATAGTGGGAACGGCGCTT---AGCCTCCTAATCCGAGCCGAACTAAGCCAACCTGGGAGCCTTCTTGGAGAC---GACCAAATTTATAATGTCATTGTTACGGCACACGCCTTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATGATTGGGGGTTTTGGAAACTGACTAATTCCACTAATA---ATCGGTGCCCCCGATATGGCCTTTCCTCGAATGAACAACATGAGCTTTTGACTCCTCCCTCCCTCTTTCCTTCTTCTACTTGCCTCCTCAGGCGTAGAAGCTGGTGCCGGCACAGGATGAACGGTATACCCGCCACTTGCAGGCAACCTAGCCCACGCAGGAGCCTCCGTTGATCTA---ACCATTTTCTCCCTTCATCTGGCAGGAGTTTCTTCTATTTTAGGAGCAATTAACTTTATTACAACAATTGTCAACATAAAACCCCCCGCAATCTCCCAATATCAAACCCCTCTTTTCGTATGAGCCGTTTTAATTACTGCCGTCCTCCTACTTCTCTCCCTACCAGTCCTTGCTGCA---GGGATCACAATACTCCTCACAGACCGAAACCTCAACACCACATTCTTCGACCCAGCCGGAGGTGGTGACCCCATTCTCTACCAACACCTATTCTGATTCTTTGGCCATCCTGAAGTTTACATTCTCATCCTTCCCGGATTCGGCATAATTTCCCACATCGTAGCTTACTACTCGGGCAAAAAA---GAACCCTTCGGCTACATAGGCATGGTTTGAGCAATGATGGCAATTGGCCTCCTAGGCTTCATTGTCTGAGCCCACCACATATTCACAGTAGGCATAGACGTGGACACACGAGCATACTTTACATCTGCCACAATAATTATTGCAATCCCCACAGGTGTAAAAGTATTTAGCTGACTA---GCCACCCTCCACGGAGGC---GCAATCAAATGAGAGACCCCCCTGCTCTGAGCACTCGGATTTATCTTTTTGTTTACAGTAGGAGGCCTAACTGGCATCATTCTGGCTAATTCCTCCCTTGATATCGTCCTTCACGACACATACTATGTAGTAGCCCACTTCCATTACGTC---CTATCAATAGGCGCAGTATTCGCAATTATGGGCGCCTTCGTGCACTGATTCCCCCTACTCTCCGGGTACACCCTCCATAGCACCTGAACTAAAATTCACTTCACGGTAATATTTGTGGGTGTCAACCTAACCTTCTTCCCGCAACACTTCCTGGGACTAGCGGGCATGCCCCGT---CGATACTCAGACTACCCCGACGCCTACACC---CTATGAAATACTGTCTCCTCAATCGGCTCTCTCATCTCTCTCGTAGCCGTAATTATGTTCCTGTTTATCCTCTGAGAAGCATTCGCTGCCAAACGTGAGGTT---CTATCAGTGGAACTAACCTCTACAAAT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Chilomycterus reticulatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Not Evaluated
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Chilomycterus reticulatus

Chilomycterus reticulatus, common name "spotfin burrfish", "spotted burrfish", or "purgeon fish", is a species of fish in the genus Chilomycterus.[2]

References[edit]

Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!