Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Has been collected from tide pools and to outer reef slopes (Ref. 1602). Benthic species (Ref. 58302, 75154).
  • Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker 1987 Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
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Distribution

Range Description

Antennarius analis is an Indo-Pacific species distributed from Christmas Island and Rowley Shoals to the Society Islands, including Palau, Fiji, and Samoa (Pietsch and Grobecker 1987). The species has also been recorded from both Oahu, Hawaiian Islands (Pietsch and Grobecker 1987) and Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands (Kon and Yoshino 1999).
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Indo-Pacific: Christmas Island and Rowley Shoals to the Society Islands, including Palau, Fiji, Samoa, Oahu, and Hawaii.
  • Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker 1987 Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
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Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island and northern Western Australia east to Hawaiian Islands, Fiji and Samoa.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 7
  • Myers, R.F. 1989 Micronesian reef fishes: A practical guide to the identification of the inshore marine fishes of the tropical central and western Pacific. First Edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
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Size

Maximum size: 78 mm SL
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Max. size

7.8 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 6773))
  • Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker 1987 Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
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Diagnostic Description

Gill openings located far back near the anal fin origin (Ref. 4538).Description: Characterized by having shades of mottled brown color; unbranched pelvic rays; illicium about twice as long as second dorsal spine, 3.7-5.0 in SL; tuft of slender filaments from fleshy base, esca; straight second dorsal spine and not broadly connected to head with membrane; straight to slightly curved third dorsal spine, 3.9-5.3 in SL; dorsal and anal fins ending at base of caudal fin; no caudal peduncle (Ref 90102).
  • Myers, R.F. 1989 Micronesian reef fishes: A practical guide to the identification of the inshore marine fishes of the tropical central and western Pacific. First Edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
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Type Information

Holotype for Antennarius analis
Catalog Number: USNM 164419
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): W. Gosline, Randall & et al.
Year Collected: 1952
Locality: T.H., Oahu, Waikiki Reef, Oahu, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Islands, Pacific
  • Holotype: Schultz, L. P. 1957. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 107 (3383): 67, fig. 2.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Antennarius analis has been collected from tide pools and outer reef slopes at a depth range of 1.5 - 21 m. It is a cryptic lie-in wait predator, mostly found on coral reefs.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 2 - 21 m (Ref. 58302)
  • Mundy, B.C. 2005 Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704. (Ref. 58302)
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Depth: 3 - 20m.
From 3 to 20 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous.
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Collette, B., Matsuura, K., Nelson, J., Dooley, J., Fritzsche, R. & Carpenter, K.

Reviewer/s
Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.

Contributor/s
De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Smith, J. & Livingston, F.

Justification
Antennarius analis has been assessed as Least Concern. While species of this genus are collected for the aquarium trade, there is no record of this species being collected by major exporters. There are no other known major threats for this broad ranging species.
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Population

Population
This species is never observed in visual surveys and typically shows up as 1 or 2 individuals at rotenone stations (J. Williams and G. R. Allen pers. comm. 2009).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Species of the genus Antennarius are taken for the marine aquarium trade, however this species is not yet specifically recorded in this trade. This species is of no other significant economic interest. It is unlikely that this species is being impacted upon by any major threat processes at present.
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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for Antennarius analis, however its distribution range may coincide with a number of marine protected areas, including 18 off the Fijian coast (Wood 2007).
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest
  • Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker 1987 Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
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