Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Oceanic and mesopelagic, found between 375-850 m during the day and between 90-850 m at night (Ref. 4066). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Depth range from 518-1085 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Reach sexual maturity at a length of 4,8 cm (Ref. 47377).
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Distribution

Nova Scotia, to 22°N, and from Brazil to Argentina
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Mauritania including western Mediterranean, but isolated specimens to Liberia and South Africa. Western Atlantic: USA to 22°N, and from Brazil to Argentina. Western Indian Ocean: between 0° and 30°S. Western Pacific: between 6°N and 39°N, New South Wales, Australia (Ref. 7300) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755).
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Circumglobal, including Mediterranean Sea, Hawaiian Islands.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 116; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 14 - 16
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Size

Maximum size: 75 mm SL
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Max. size

7.5 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479))
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Ecology

Habitat

nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Apparently more abundant in slope water than elsewhere.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

bathypelagic; non-migratory; marine; depth range 90 - 1085 m (Ref. 56504)
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Depth range based on 126 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 114 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 30 - 3500
  Temperature range (°C): 1.384 - 22.330
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.158 - 31.724
  Salinity (PPS): 34.268 - 38.651
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.961 - 6.141
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.034 - 2.624
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.953 - 118.009

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 30 - 3500

Temperature range (°C): 1.384 - 22.330

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.158 - 31.724

Salinity (PPS): 34.268 - 38.651

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.961 - 6.141

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.034 - 2.624

Silicate (umol/l): 0.953 - 118.009
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 90 - 850m.
From 90 to 850 meters.

Habitat: bathypelagic.
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Trophic Strategy

Oceanic and mesopelagic, found between 375-850 m during the day and between 90-850 m at night (Ref. 4066). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Depth range from 518-1085 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Feeds on planktonic crustaceans captured near the bottom (Ref. 26335).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Diaphus metopoclampus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Diaphus metopoclampus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 15
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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