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BiologyInhabits lakes, ponds, bogs, and pools of headwaters and creeks. Usually occurs over silt, often near vegetation. Feeds mainly on algae, but also on zooplankton and aquatic insects (Ref. 1998). Spawning occurs in spring or early summer (Ref. 1998). Preyed upon by fishes, kingfishers and mergansers (Ref. 1998). Used as bait in parts of Ontario and Quebec (Ref. 1998).