Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 9137, 11230).
  • Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau 1998 Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)
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Distribution

Northwest Pacific: central Japan northward, southern Kuril Islands, Sakhalin, Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea, Gulf of Bo Hai and East China Sea.
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Western North Pacific.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 600 mm SL
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Max. size

60.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)); max. published weight: 1,760 g (Ref. 40637)
  • IGFA 2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA. (Ref. 40637)
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Type Information

Type for Microstomus achne
Catalog Number: USNM 51448
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1900
Locality: Japan: Matushima B., Off Honshu Island, Kinkwasan Lt., N. 34 Deg. W., 79 Fms., Honshu, Japan, Pacific
Depth (m): 144 to 144
Vessel: Albatross
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 15 - 800 m (Ref. 57942), usually 20 - 610 m (Ref. 50610)
  • Orlov, A.M. and A.M. Tokranov 2007 Distribution ans some biological features of four poorly studied deep benthic flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes: Pleuronectidae) in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Raffles Bull. Zool. Supplement (14):221-235. (Ref. 57942)
  • Russian Academy of Sciences 2000 Catalog of vertebrates of Kamchatka and adjacent waters. 166 p. (Ref. 50610)
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Depth: 50 - 450m.
From 50 to 450 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 9137, 11230). Feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 57119).
  • Fujita, T., D. Kitagawa, Y. Okuyama, Y. Ishito, T. Inada and Y. Jin 1995 Diets of the demersal fishes on the shelf off Iwate, northern Japan. Mar. Biol. 123:219-233. (Ref. 57119)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott 1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
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Wikipedia

Slime flounder

The slime flounder, Microstomus achne, is a kind of flatfish from the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on sand and mud bottoms at depths of between 15 and 800 metres (49 and 2,625 ft), though it is most commonly found between 20 and 610 metres (66 and 2,001 ft). Its native habitat is the temperate waters of the northwest Pacific, from the East China Sea to the Yellow Sea and the Sea of Japan, as far as Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. It reaches up to 60 centimetres (24 in) in length, and can weigh up to 1.76 kilograms (3.9 lb).[1]

Diet[edit]

The diet of the slime flounder consists mainly of zoobenthos organisms such as polychaetes and crabs.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly (15 July 2009). "Microstomus achne". Fishbase. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 


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