IUCN threat status:

Data Deficient (DD)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: rock-bass (English), cabrilla (Espanol)
Paralabrax humeralis (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1828)

Peruvian rock-bass

Body moderately elongate, compressed, back not strongly elevated; forehead profile gently convex; head pointed; preopercle finely serrated; mouth large, oblique, ends just before rear edge of eye, lower jaw projects to join snout profile; between eyes relatively wide (~ 20% of head length in adults), without scales; 16-20 lower gill rakers; dorsal X, 12-15, 3rd  spine longest, 2x length of 2nd, rear margin of soft fin gently convex; tail concave; pectoral long, reaching well beyond tip of pelvic, straight lower margin, 17-19 rays; pelvics inserted under or slightly behind pectoral base; scales small, rough, 63 lateral line scales, 9-12 between lateral line and dorsal origin.

Head and upper body dark grey-brown, with orange and brown spots from head to tail, often a pale blotch below soft dorsal; dorsal, tail, anal, pelvics blackish, tail base and fin sometimes with pale bars; pectoral reddish brown. Juvenile with 6-7 dark bars.

        Size: 50 cm.

Habitat: rocky bottoms.

Depth: 1-180 m.

        Colombia to Chile.


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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