Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits coral reef. Benthic (Ref. 75154).
  • Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield 2004 Two new scorpionfishes (Scorpaenidae) from the South Pacific. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 55(9):384-394. (Ref. 57579)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific.
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Southwestern Pacific: Fiji and New Caledonia.
  • Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield 2004 Two new scorpionfishes (Scorpaenidae) from the South Pacific. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 55(9):384-394. (Ref. 57579)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 5
  • Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield 2004 Two new scorpionfishes (Scorpaenidae) from the South Pacific. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 55(9):384-394. (Ref. 57579)
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Size

Max. size

7.6 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 57579)); 11.5 cm SL (female)
  • Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield 2004 Two new scorpionfishes (Scorpaenidae) from the South Pacific. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 55(9):384-394. (Ref. 57579)
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnosis: Dorsal rays XII,9; anal rays III,5; pectoral rays 17-18 (rarely 18). Longitudinal scale series 44--48 (modally 46). Body depth 2.8-3.05 in SL; head length (HL) 2.2-2.3 in SL; snout length 3.0-3.15 in HL; orbit diameter 4.65--4.95 in HL; nearly one-half of orbit extending above dorsal profile of head; interorbital width 6.75-7.2 in HL. Pair of interorbital ridges flaring posteriorly, then curving medially to join slight incurved ridge at front of occipital pit; median interorbital ridge extending half way back in interorbital space; occipital pit shallow and not flat. Coronal spines and pretympanic spines absent. Suborbital pit not well developed; suborbital ridge with 4 spines, the first on lacrimal; two ventral spines on lacrimal, one directed mainly anteriorly and the other curving posteriorly. First dorsal spine 1.9-2.4 in second spine; third dorsal spine longest, 2.2-2.7 in HL; eleventh dorsal spine 1.55-2.0 in twelfth spine; second anal spine 1.65-2.0 in HL. Supraoccipital tentacle absent. Body color variable, the darkest blotches usually above tip of upper opercular spine, two on lateral line, two obliquely above and forward of these, two in soft portion of dorsal fin, and one in anal fin (Ref. 57579).
  • Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield 2004 Two new scorpionfishes (Scorpaenidae) from the South Pacific. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 55(9):384-394. (Ref. 57579)
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Type Information

Paratype for Scorpaenopsis eschmeyeri
Catalog Number: USNM 243332
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer et al.
Year Collected: 1982
Locality: Fiji Islands, South Side of Channel At NW End of Malolo Island Barrier Reef, Malolo Island, Mamanuca Islands, Western Division, Fiji, Fiji Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 18
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Greenfield, D. W. 30 Sep 2004. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series. 55 (19): 385, Figs. 1, 2.
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Paratype for Scorpaenopsis eschmeyeri
Catalog Number: USNM 259405
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer et al.
Year Collected: 1982
Locality: Fiji Islands Viwa Island, Small Islet On Viwa Reef Abt 1 mi S of Vgs 82-30, Viwa Island, Fiji, Fiji Islands, Pacific
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Greenfield, D. W. 30 Sep 2004. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series. 55 (19): 385, Figs. 1, 2.
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Paratype for Scorpaenopsis eschmeyeri
Catalog Number: USNM 375892
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): D. Greenfield, K. Longenecker, K. Cole & R. Langston
Year Collected: 2002
Locality: Fiji, Viti Levu, barrier reef off Suva, fish patch, backside of dropoff towards reef, rotenone., Fiji, Fiji Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 8.5 to 15
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Greenfield, D. W. 30 Sep 2004. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series. 55 (19): 385, Figs. 1, 2.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 1 - 24 m (Ref. 57579)
  • Randall, J.E. and D.W. Greenfield 2004 Two new scorpionfishes (Scorpaenidae) from the South Pacific. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 55(9):384-394. (Ref. 57579)
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3 - 23.3325
  Temperature range (°C): 24.608 - 24.608
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.153 - 0.153
  Salinity (PPS): 35.538 - 35.538
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.824 - 4.824
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.197 - 0.197
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.417 - 1.417

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3 - 23.3325
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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