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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits outer reef slopes, generally at depths greater than 24 m, but also seen below 6 m (Ref. 1602). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Solitary or paired. Feeds on mollusks, echinoderms, brachiopods, and filamentous algae (Ref. 1602).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to the Hawaiian and Society islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Tonga and Rarotonga.
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Southeastern Indian Ocean, Western and Central Pacific: Philippines east to Hawaiian Islands and Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to New Caledonia, Tonga and Rapa.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 9
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Size

Maximum size: 120 mm NG
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Max. size

12.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
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Type Information

Type for Canthigaster epilampra
Catalog Number: USNM 50722
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): Davison
Year Collected: 1900
Locality: Puu Olai; Maui Near Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Islands, Pacific
  • Type: Jenkins, O. P. 1903. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission. 22 (for 1902): 485, fig. 33.
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Type for Canthigaster epilampra
Catalog Number: USNM 50853
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): R. McGregor
Year Collected: 1900
Locality: Kihei, Maui, Maui, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Islands, Pacific
  • Type: Jenkins, O. P. 1903. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission. 22 (for 1902): 485, fig. 33.
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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 6 - 60 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 11 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 106.65
  Temperature range (°C): 23.741 - 25.335
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 0.130
  Salinity (PPS): 35.173 - 35.376
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.757 - 4.838
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 0.135
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.185 - 1.423

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 106.65

Temperature range (°C): 23.741 - 25.335

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 0.130

Salinity (PPS): 35.173 - 35.376

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.757 - 4.838

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 0.135

Silicate (umol/l): 1.185 - 1.423
 
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Depth: 6 - 60m.
From 6 to 60 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits outer reef slopes, generally at depths greater than 24 m, but also seen below 6 m. Solitary or paired (Ref. 1602). Feeds on mollusks, echinoderms, brachiopods, and filamentous algae (Ref. 1602).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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