Overview

Comprehensive Description

Diplodus vulgaris (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)

Mediterranean Sea : 15500-897 (2 spc.), 10.11.2005 , Iskenderun Bay , trawl , 19 m, C. Dalyan .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 46-46, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
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Biology

A euryhaline species inhabiting rocky and sometimes sandy bottoms to depths of 160 m, but more commonly in less than 50 m. The young are sometimes found in seagrass beds. Adults feed on crustaceans, worms and mollusks (Ref. 3688). Important food fish.
  • Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau 1990 Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)
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Distribution

Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Angola to South Africa including Madeira, Canary and Cape Verde Islands.
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Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Cape Verde and the Canary Islands including the Mediterranean and Black Sea (off Bulgaria); also from Angola to South Africa.
  • Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau 1990 Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 450 mm ---
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Max. size

45.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)); max. published weight: 1,300 g (Ref. 40637)
  • IGFA 2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA. (Ref. 40637)
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth: 0 - 160m.
Recorded at 160 meters.

Habitat: benthopelagic.
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Environment

benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 0 - 160 m, usually 0 - 30 m (Ref. 13780)
  • Riede, K. 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. (Ref. 51243)
  • Sala, E. and E. Ballesteros 1997 Partitioning of space and food resources by three fish genus Diplodus (Sparidae) in a Mediterranean rocky infralittoral ecosystem. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 152:273-283. (Ref. 13780)
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Depth range based on 23 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 13 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.5 - 82
  Temperature range (°C): 14.667 - 19.656
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.729 - 2.594
  Salinity (PPS): 37.152 - 37.969
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.194 - 5.538
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.102 - 0.275
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.178 - 3.868

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1.5 - 82

Temperature range (°C): 14.667 - 19.656

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.729 - 2.594

Salinity (PPS): 37.152 - 37.969

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.194 - 5.538

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.102 - 0.275

Silicate (umol/l): 1.178 - 3.868
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
  • Riede, K. 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. (Ref. 51243)
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Trophic Strategy

Forms schools of up to 100 individuals which remain at a fixed position in the water column (Ref. 13780). A euryhaline species inhabiting rocky and sometimes sandy bottoms to depths of 160 m, but more commonly in less than 50 m. The young are sometimes found in seagrass beds. Feeds on crustaceans, worms and mollusks (Ref. 3688).
  • Sala, E. and E. Ballesteros 1997 Partitioning of space and food resources by three fish genus Diplodus (Sparidae) in a Mediterranean rocky infralittoral ecosystem. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 152:273-283. (Ref. 13780)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Potentially hermaphroditic (Ref. 4781).
  • Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau 1986 Sparidae. p. 883-907. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 2. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4781)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Diplodus vulgaris

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Diplodus vulgaris

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 21
Specimens with Barcodes: 29
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott 1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
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Wikipedia

Diplodus vulgaris

Diplodus vulgaris, the Common two-banded seabream, is a species of seabream belonging to the family Sparidae.

Description[edit]

Diplodus vulgaris can reach a length of about 45 centimetres (18 in) with maximum recorded weight of 1.3 kilograms (2.9 lb). Body is generally grey-silver, with two well-defined vertical black bands, one close to the gills and one in the rear of the body, just before the base of the caudal fin. Another black stripe, less pronounced, is present near the eyes. There are golden lines along the body, typically on the back.

Lips are rather thick. In each jaw, there are 8 narrow, light-brownish incisors. In the western Mediterranean, it reproduces in October and November and in the eastern Mediterranean in December and January.

It is a gregarious species, sometimes forming groups composed even by many specimens. In the shallows, it often creates smaller groups even with other similar species.

Adults feed on benthic invertebrates, crustaceans, worms and mollusks. It is considered an important food fish.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This species is widespread in the Mediterranean Sea, in the Black Sea and in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean, at depths of 0 to 160 m, more commonly between 0 and 30 m.

It inhabits rocky, sandy bottoms and seagrass beds. On sandy bottoms, it can be often found following species that dig the sand and trying to steal their food.

Fishing[edit]

It is often caught in various nets, fish traps and light longlines. Locally, it is very important catch for artisanal fishermen and can be often found fresh in local fish markets.

In sport fishing, it is often caught from shore or from boat on rod and real or handline and in shallow waters often on rigs with floats. It is not very picky about its bait and will grab hooks baited with small chunks of fish, various worms, small prawns, mussels, various pastes, bread, cheese and similar. Sometimes it can be caught while trolling from shore on European Seabass or Common Dentex using live prawns as bait.

Larger specimens are often caught with a speargun.

Cuisine[edit]

It is one of the best tasting fish, especially larger specimen. Barbequed with some olive oil, garlic, parsley and few drops of lemon is a delicacy. In mixed fish stew, especially when there is some fatty fish like Eels, it also has great taste and aroma.

It can be used for fish soups, or even pan fried, especially smaller specimens.

References[edit]

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