Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

A euryhaline species inhabiting rocky and sometimes sandy bottoms to depths of 160 m, but more commonly in less than 50 m. The young are sometimes found in seagrass beds. Adults feed on crustaceans, worms and mollusks (Ref. 3688). Important food fish.
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Distribution

Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Angola to South Africa including Madeira, Canary and Cape Verde Islands.
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Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Cape Verde and the Canary Islands including the Mediterranean and Black Sea (off Bulgaria); also from Angola to South Africa.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 450 mm ---
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Max. size

45.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)); max. published weight: 1,300 g (Ref. 40637)
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth: 0 - 160m.
Recorded at 160 meters.

Habitat: benthopelagic.
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Environment

benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 0 - 160 m, usually 0 - 30 m (Ref. 13780)
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Depth range based on 23 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 13 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.5 - 82
  Temperature range (°C): 14.667 - 19.656
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.729 - 2.594
  Salinity (PPS): 37.152 - 37.969
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.194 - 5.538
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.102 - 0.275
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.178 - 3.868

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1.5 - 82

Temperature range (°C): 14.667 - 19.656

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.729 - 2.594

Salinity (PPS): 37.152 - 37.969

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.194 - 5.538

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.102 - 0.275

Silicate (umol/l): 1.178 - 3.868
 
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
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Trophic Strategy

Forms schools of up to 100 individuals which remain at a fixed position in the water column (Ref. 13780). A euryhaline species inhabiting rocky and sometimes sandy bottoms to depths of 160 m, but more commonly in less than 50 m. The young are sometimes found in seagrass beds. Feeds on crustaceans, worms and mollusks (Ref. 3688).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Potentially hermaphroditic (Ref. 4781).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Diplodus vulgaris

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 21
Specimens with Barcodes: 29
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Diplodus vulgaris

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
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Wikipedia

Diplodus vulgaris

Diplodus vulgaris, the Common two-banded seabream, is a species of seabream belonging to the family Sparidae.

Description[edit]

Diplodus vulgaris can reach a length of about 45 centimetres (18 in). Body is silver, with two well-defined vertical black bands, one close to the gills and one in the rear of the body, just before the base of the caudal fin. Another black stripe, less pronounced, is present near the eyes. There are golden lines along the body, typically on the back. It is a gregarious species, sometimes forming groups composed even by many specimens. Adults feed on benthic invertebrates,crustaceans, worms and mollusks. It is considered an important food fish.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This species is widespread in the Mediterranean Sea, in the Black Sea and in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean, at depths of 0 to 160 m. It inhabits rocky, sandy bottoms and seagrass beds.

References[edit]


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