Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found among algae on rocky shores and on hard bottom in deeper water, or depth of 55 meters or more (Ref. 51666). Male guards multiple egg masses (Ref. 58332).
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Strait of Belle Isle to Massachusetts
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Northwest Atlantic: northern Newfoundland (Strait of Belle Isle) in Canada to southern Massachusetts in USA.
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Western North Atlantic: Strait of Belle Isle, Newfoundland, to Massachusetts, U.S.A.
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Northwestern Atlantic: northern Newfoundland (Strait of Belle Isle), Canada to southern Massachusetts, USA.
  • Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder, 1953; Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986.
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Source: Gulf of Maine Area Census of Marine Life

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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 180 mm TL
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Max. size

18.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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to 18.0 cm TL (male/unsexed).
  • Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder, 1953; Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat Type: Marine

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Found among seaweeds on rocky shores, over hard bottoms.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

benthopelagic; marine
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Depth range based on 681 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 432 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 332
  Temperature range (°C): -1.117 - 11.318
  Nitrate (umol/L): 2.351 - 19.580
  Salinity (PPS): 31.220 - 35.149
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.086 - 7.862
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.488 - 1.417
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.401 - 17.288

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 332

Temperature range (°C): -1.117 - 11.318

Nitrate (umol/L): 2.351 - 19.580

Salinity (PPS): 31.220 - 35.149

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.086 - 7.862

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.488 - 1.417

Silicate (umol/l): 2.401 - 17.288
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Benthopelagic; marine.
  • Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder, 1953; Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986.
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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Trophic Strategy

Benthic (Ref. 5951). Feeds on copepod, scaleworms and amphipods. Preyed upon by Atlantic cod; juveniles by grubby, Myoxocephalus aenaeus. Parasite of the species is known to be a protozoan (Trichodina elizabethae) found on gills (Ref. 5951).
  • Pepin, P. and R.W. Penney 1997 Patterns of prey size and taxonomic composition in larval fish: are there general size-dependent models? J. Fish Biol. 51(Suppl. A):84-100. (Ref. 32796)
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No information
  • Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder, 1953; Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986.
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds on copepods, capelin eggs, scaleworms and amphipods
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Life Cycle

Eggs are laid in several clumps or masses which are guarded by the male parent (Ref. 58332).
  • Coleman, R.M. 1999 Parental care in intertidal fishes. p. 165-180. In M.H. Horn, K.l. Martin and M.A. Chotkowski (eds.) Intertidal fishes: life in two worlds. Academic Press, USA. 399 p. (Ref. 58332)
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Reproduction

No information.
  • Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder, 1953; Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Ulvaria subbifurcata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ulvaria subbifurcata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 9
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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