Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Common in shallow sheltered waters like harbors, etc., forming compact schools. Spawning peak is in July or August. Eggs are ellipsoidal (Ref. 189).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=189&speccode=4 External link.
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Distribution

Banquereau Bank to Florida
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Western Atlantic: Massachusetts south to Florida and the northeastern Gulf of Mexico - at least to about Mississippi sound, but not recorded elsewhere; Venezuelan coast to northern Brazil at 2°19'N.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=189&speccode=4 External link.
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Western Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 16; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 13 - 18
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Size

Maximum size: 107 mm SL
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Max. size

15.5 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 37032))
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Diagnostic Description

Hardly differs from European anchovy (see E. encrasicolus) and can be identified from that description. Differs from Atlantic species of Anchoviella by its much longer pseudobranch (more than eye diameter and reaching onto inner face of operculum); differs from Atlantic species of Anchoa in its short and blunt-tipped maxilla (cf. pointed and reaching onto pre-operculum or beyond) (Ref. 189).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Type Information

Paratype for Engraulis eurystole
Catalog Number: USNM 119796
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): P. Blackburn
Year Collected: 1925
Locality: Venezuela: Gulf of Estauques Bay, Venezuela, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
  • Paratype: Hildebrand, S. F. 1943. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection. 8 (art. 2): 115.
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Type for Engraulis eurystole
Catalog Number: USNM 119795
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): P. Blackburn
Year Collected: 1925
Locality: Venezuela: Gulf of Estauques Bay, Venezuela, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
  • Type: Hildebrand, S. F. 1943. Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection. 8 (art. 2): 115.
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Ecology

Habitat

nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Occasionally found in Canadian Atlantic waters. Found to depths of 65 m in shallow sheltered waters like harbours.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

pelagic-neritic; marine; depth range 124 - 282 m (Ref. 5951)
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Depth range based on 178 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 69 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3.5 - 188
  Temperature range (°C): 7.263 - 27.366
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 17.133
  Salinity (PPS): 32.468 - 36.392
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.294 - 6.765
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.090 - 1.270
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 11.806

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3.5 - 188

Temperature range (°C): 7.263 - 27.366

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 17.133

Salinity (PPS): 32.468 - 36.392

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.294 - 6.765

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.090 - 1.270

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 11.806
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 65m.
Recorded at 65 meters.

Habitat: pelagic.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Engraulis eurystole

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

GTAGGGACAGCACTT---AGCCTCCTTATTCGAGCAGAACTAAGCCAACCAGGAGCACTTCTGGGGGAC---GATCAAATTTATAACGTAATCGTTACTGCTCACGCATTCGTAATAATCTTTTTCATGGTAATGCCCATTCTAATCGGTGGGTTCGGGAATTGACTAGTTCCTCTTATA---CTAGGGGCCCCAGACATGGCATTCCCCCGAATGAACAATATGAGCTTTTGACTCCTTCCCCCTTCTTTCCTTCTCCTCTTAGCATCATCTGGTGTTGAAGCAGGGGCCGGGACAGGATGAACAGTCTACCCCCCTCTAGCAGGAAACCTCGCCCACGCCGGAGCGTCAGTGGATTTA---ACAATCTTCTCTCTCCACTTGGCAGGGATTTCATCGATCCTAGGTGCCATTAATTTCATTACTACCATCATTAATATGAAACCACCTGCTATTTCACAATACCAGACACCTCTATTTGTCTGAGCTGTATTAATCACGGCAGTACTTTTACTTCTTTCACTACCCGTTCTAGCTGCT---GGGATTACTATGCTTCTTACAGACCGAAACCTAAATACTACTTTCTTTGACCCAGCAGGGGGAGGAGACCCAATTCTTTATCAACACCTATTCTGATTCTTCGGGCACCCCGAAGTATACATTCTTATTCTTCCCGGATTCGGGATGATTTCCCACATTGTAGCTTACTACGCCGGTAAAAAA---GAACCTTTCGGATATATGGGTATGGTCTGAGCCATGATGGCTATCGGACTACTAGGGTTCATTGTATGAGCCCACCACATGTTCACAGTAGGTATGGACGTAGATACTCGAGCATAC
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Engraulis eurystole

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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