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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits subtidal reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of at least 20 m. Found singly or in small groups in coral-rich areas (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps. Large spine at the corner of preopercle is venomous. It raises or flashes its distinctly marked dorsal fin to startle possible predator (Ref. 48635).
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Saint Brandon's Shoals and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Line Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia.
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Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia.
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 14; Analspines: 4; Analsoft rays: 8 - 9
  • Myers, R.F. 1989 Micronesian reef fishes: A practical guide to the identification of the inshore marine fishes of the tropical central and western Pacific. First Edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 4538)
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Size

Maximum size: 350 mm TL
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Max. size

35.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5213))
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Diagnostic Description

Body iridescent silvery with dark red or black mark on each scale (Ref. 4201). Spinous portion of dorsal fin black; soft dorsal, anal and caudal fins reddish yellow; pectoral fins pink, pelvic fins white (Ref. 4201). Lower jaw strongly projectingDescription: Characterized by dorsal fins with white tips and triangular white marks along base; depth of body about 3.0 in SL (Ref 90102).
  • Myers, R.F. 1989 Micronesian reef fishes: A practical guide to the identification of the inshore marine fishes of the tropical central and western Pacific. First Edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 4538)
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Description

Occurs in subtidal reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of at least 20 m. Large spine at the corner of preopercle is venomous. Feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 3 - 25 m (Ref. 90102)
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Depth range based on 40 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 36 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.915 - 35
  Temperature range (°C): 25.712 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.048 - 1.118
  Salinity (PPS): 33.913 - 36.142
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.441 - 4.717
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.085 - 0.301
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.073 - 3.311

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.915 - 35

Temperature range (°C): 25.712 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.048 - 1.118

Salinity (PPS): 33.913 - 36.142

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.441 - 4.717

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.085 - 0.301

Silicate (umol/l): 1.073 - 3.311
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits subtidal reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to depths of at least 20 m. Found singly or in small groups in coral-rich areas (Ref. 1602). Nocturnal species (Ref. 75154). Feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps (Ref. 1602).
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Neoniphon opercularis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Neoniphon opercularis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
  • Randall, J.E. 1984 Holocentridae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3418)
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