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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults occur singly or in small groups in inshore reef and lagoon environments. Feed on algae, gastropods, and small crabs. Highly territorial (Ref. 9710). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Distribution

Western Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean to Japan and Australia (Ref. 559). Not in Red Sea (Ref. 84159).
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 15; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 13 - 14
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
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Size

Maximum size: 170 mm NG
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Max. size

17.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Head and body white, vertical bars thin dark. Dorsal and anal fins rear profile pointed (Ref. 90102). Large adults recognized by the rounded tail with pale margin. Has narrow dark bands and lacks peduncular spot that distinguishes this species form similar ones (Ref. 48636). Body depth 1.6-2.0 in SL.
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene 1990 Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; brackish; marine; depth range 1 - 6 m (Ref. 7247)
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Depth range based on 42 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 19 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 43
  Temperature range (°C): 23.822 - 28.808
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.218 - 1.161
  Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.116
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.271 - 4.847
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.152 - 0.441
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.225 - 15.721

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 43

Temperature range (°C): 23.822 - 28.808

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.218 - 1.161

Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.116

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.271 - 4.847

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.152 - 0.441

Silicate (umol/l): 3.225 - 15.721
 
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Depth: 1 - 6m.
From 1 to 6 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs inshore (Ref. 75154). Feeds on zoobenthos and algae (Ref. 9710).
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Abudefduf bengalensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Genomic DNA is available from 3 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at Florida Museum of Natural History
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: unknown; price reliability:
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Disclaimer

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