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BiologyOccurs in deep lagoon reefs and steep outer reef slopes; encountered in coastal areas with rocky substrates. Juveniles are usually found near sponges or coral heads (Ref. 9710). Adults usually at moderate depths with bommies with large holes, usually occupied by cleaner shrimps (Ref. 48635). Usually caught in depths of 30 to 100 m, but in Madagascar, it occurs in depths of 10 to 20 m. Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans including shrimps, crabs and stomatopods (Ref. 37816). Females mature at about 28 cm SL and males at about 34 cm SL (Ref. 6448). Generally marketed fresh (Ref. 5284). In Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253). Solitary (Ref 90102).