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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults inhabit reefs and rocky bottoms (Ref. 30573). They are found in schools over shallow depths of a few meters in open ocean reefs. In most areas they are found in deep waters and are usually trawled to 100 m depth (Ref. 48635). They feed on benthic and planktonic invertebrates (Ref. 30573), and possibly small fishes. Marketed fresh or dried-salted.
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and W.D. Anderson Jr. 1987 Revision of the Indo-Pacific lutjanid genus Pinjalo, with description of a new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (14):17 p. (Ref. 6177)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Papua (Papua New Guinea), north to Taiwan.
  • Anderson, W.D. Jr. and G.R. Allen 2001 Lutjanidae. Jobfishes. p. 2840-2918. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9821)
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Taiwan.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 15; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8 - 10
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and W.D. Anderson Jr. 1987 Revision of the Indo-Pacific lutjanid genus Pinjalo, with description of a new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (14):17 p. (Ref. 6177)
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Size

Maximum size: 500 mm TL
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Max. size

80.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 47613))
  • Assadi, H. and R. Dehghani P. 1997 Atlas of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman fishes. Iranian Fisheries Research and Training Organization, Iran. (Ref. 47613)
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Dorsal profile of head high. Interorbital space strongly convex. Eye relatively large with an adipose lid. Preorbital bone narrow, less than eye diameter. Snout relatively short and pointed. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Predorsal scales on top of head beginning above middle of eye. Scale rows above and below lateral line rising obliquely toward dorsal profile. Adults greenish-grey to reddish with yellowish fins (Ref. 48635). Body depth 2.3-2.8 in SL (Ref. 90102).
  • Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and W.D. Anderson Jr. 1987 Revision of the Indo-Pacific lutjanid genus Pinjalo, with description of a new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (14):17 p. (Ref. 6177)
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Description

Inhabits reefs and rocky bottoms. Feeds on benthic and planktonic invertebrates, and possibly small fishes. Marketed fresh or dried-salted.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 15 - 100 m (Ref. 90102)
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Depth: 0 - 60m.
Recorded at 60 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on benthic and planktonic organisms and possibly small fish (Ref. 55).
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pinjalo pinjalo

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: very high; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
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