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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults inhabit reefs and rocky bottoms (Ref. 30573). They are found in schools over shallow depths of a few meters in open ocean reefs. In most areas they are found in deep waters and are usually trawled to 100 m depth (Ref. 48635). They feed on benthic and planktonic invertebrates (Ref. 30573), and possibly small fishes. Marketed fresh or dried-salted.
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Papua (Papua New Guinea), north to Taiwan.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Taiwan.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 15; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8 - 10
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Size

Maximum size: 500 mm TL
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Max. size

80.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 47613))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Inhabits reefs and rocky bottoms. Feeds on benthic and planktonic invertebrates, and possibly small fishes. Marketed fresh or dried-salted.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Description: Dorsal profile of head high. Interorbital space strongly convex. Eye relatively large with an adipose lid. Preorbital bone narrow, less than eye diameter. Snout relatively short and pointed. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Predorsal scales on top of head beginning above middle of eye. Scale rows above and below lateral line rising obliquely toward dorsal profile. Adults greenish-grey to reddish with yellowish fins (Ref. 48635). Body depth 2.3-2.8 in SL (Ref. 90102).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 15 - 100 m (Ref. 90102)
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Depth: 0 - 60m.
Recorded at 60 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on benthic and planktonic organisms and possibly small fish (Ref. 55).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pinjalo pinjalo

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: very high; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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