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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in the tropical to warm temperate areas (Ref. 9771), in sandy or sandy mud bottom (Ref. 11230).
  • Richards, W.J. 1999 Triglidae. Gurnards, sea robins, armored gurnards, and armored sea robins. p. 2359-2363. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9771)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9771&speccode=8249 External link.
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Distribution

Northwest Pacific: southern Hokkaido, Japan southward to the South China Sea.
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Western North Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 17; Analsoft rays: 15 - 17
  • Richards, W.J. 1999 Triglidae. Gurnards, sea robins, armored gurnards, and armored sea robins. p. 2359-2363. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9771)
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Size

Maximum size: 400 mm TL
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Max. size

40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)); max. published weight: 950 g (Ref. 40637)
  • IGFA 2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA. (Ref. 40637)
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Diagnostic Description

Lower half of the inner pectoral fin with scattered numerous pale spots (bluish in life, white or pale in preserved specimens); black blotch appears occasionally on lower inner part of pectoral fin.
  • Richards, W.J. 1999 Triglidae. Gurnards, sea robins, armored gurnards, and armored sea robins. p. 2359-2363. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9771)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 25 - 615 m (Ref. 11230)
  • Yamada, U., S. Shirai, T. Irie, M. Tokimura, S. Deng, Y. Zheng, C. Li, Y.U. Kim and Y.S. Kim 1995 Names and illustrations of fishes from the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea. Overseas Fishery Cooperation Foundation, Tokyo, Japan. 288 p. (Ref. 11230)
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Depth: 0 - 500m.
Recorded at 500 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Chelidonichthys spinosus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Chelidonichthys spinosus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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Wikipedia

Spiny red gurnard

Chelidonichthys spinosus, the Spiny red gurnard, is a species of searobin native to the northwestern Pacific Ocean where they occur at depths of from 25 to 615 metres (82 to 2,018 ft). This species grows to a length of 40 centimetres (16 in) TL. This species is of commercial importance as a food fish.[1]

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