IUCN threat status:

Not evaluated

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: puffer (English), botete (Espanol), tamboril (Espanol), pez-globo (Espanol)
 
Arothron meleagris (Lacepède, 1798)


Guineafowl puffer


Heavy round body; head large, blunt; snout short; nasal organ is a double tentacle, with minute pits on opposing surfaces of each tentacle; eyes high on sides of head; jaws are a heavy beak composed of 4 fused heavy powerful teeth with a central suture on each jaw; a slit-like gill opening in front of the pectoral fin base; a single short- based dorsal fin at rear of body; a similar-shaped anal fin below the dorsal; dorsal rays 11-12; anal rays 11-12; pectoral rays 17-19; no pelvic fins; no spines in the fins; tail base as long as deep; tail fin rounded, with 10 main rays; tough scaleless skin, small spinules on head and body except snout and posterior tail base; no fleshy skin flaps.


Two color phases:  black with numerous small white spots; or bright yellow, sometimes with black patches.


Size: grows to 40 cm.

Inhabits coral areas and rocky reefs.

Depth: 1-35 m.

Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific; the SW Gulf of California to Ecuador and all the oceanic islands.
   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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