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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults inhabit shallow protected areas of rubble and sand (Ref. 37816), usually semi-silty zones (Ref. 48635). Occur more commonly at depths between 0 and 3 m. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Males carry the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Males may be brooding at 9.0 cm SL. Adults nearly always in pairs (Ref. 48635). Solitary, pairs or in small groups (Ref 90102).
  • Dawson, C.E. 1985 Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316)
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Vanuatu, north to southern Japan southward to Australia.
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Palau and Vanuatu north to southern Japan and Taiwan, south to northwestern Australia and New Caledonia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 23 - 33; Analsoft rays: 4
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Size

Maximum size: 198 mm SL
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Max. size

19.8 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602))
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Diagnostic Description

Fine lines on the head and series of spots over the back and along trunk; caudal fin mainly pink (Ref. 48635).Description: Characterized by rings 16 - 17 + 33 - 35; 10 caudal rays; discontinuous superior trunk and tail ridges; straight lateral trunk ridge, ends near anal ring; continuous inferior trunk and tail ridges; length of snout 1.9-2.4 in head length; depth of snout 3.8-8.0 in snout length; head length 6.3-9.4 in SL (Ref 90102).
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Description

Occurs more commonly at depths between 0 and 3 m. Males may be brooding at 9.0 cm SL.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Type Information

Cotype for Corythoichthys haematopterus
Catalog Number: USNM 49835
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): A. Owston
Locality: Ishigaki Is., Riu Kiu, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, Ryukyu Islands, Pacific
  • Cotype:
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Cotype for Corythoichthys haematopterus
Catalog Number: USNM 55921
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): C. Pierson
Locality: Philippines: Luzon, Sorsogon, Bacon, Luzon, Sorsogon, Philippines, Pacific
  • Cotype:
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Type for Corythoichthys haematopterus
Catalog Number: USNM 55908
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): C. Pierson
Locality: Philippines: Luzon, Sorsogon, Bacon, Luzon, Sorsogon, Philippines, Pacific
  • Type:
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Paratype for Corythoichthys haematopterus
Catalog Number: USNM 126383
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): C. Pierson
Year Collected: 1903
Locality: Bacon, Philippine Islands, Philippines, Pacific
  • Paratype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 21 m (Ref. 37816)
  • Myers, R.F. 1999 Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p. (Ref. 37816)
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Depth range based on 45 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 15 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.61 - 24
  Temperature range (°C): 25.894 - 29.264
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.068 - 0.806
  Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.125
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.271 - 4.703
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.043 - 0.415
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.449 - 5.501

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.61 - 24

Temperature range (°C): 25.894 - 29.264

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.068 - 0.806

Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 35.125

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.271 - 4.703

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.043 - 0.415

Silicate (umol/l): 1.449 - 5.501
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 20m.
Recorded at 20 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Found in inshore waters (Ref. 75154).
  • Sano, M., M. Shimizu and Y. Nose 1984 Food habits of teleostean reef fishes in Okinawa Island, southern Japan. University of Tokyo Bulletin, no. 25. v,128p. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, Japan. 128 p.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Corythoichthys haematopterus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
  • Edwards, A.J. and A.D. Shepherd 1992 Environmental implications of aquarium-fish collection in the Maldives, with proposals for regulation. Environ. Conserv. 19:61-72. (Ref. 4907)
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