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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Common in outer reef slopes in 4-30 m depth; in caves and ledges of clear lagoon and seaward reefs from 0.5 to at least 40 m, generally hovering solitarily in midwater (Ref. 1602). Adults usually in pairs or small groups comprising several pairs; juveniles solitary or small groups (Ref. 48635). Feeds primarily on small fishes (Ref. 9710). Sexual maturity reached at about 8 cm.
  • Gon, O. 1993 Revision of the cardinalfish genus Cheilodipterus (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (22):59 p. (Ref. 8525)
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 8525) to Pitcairn, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe Island and Rapa.
  • Myers, R.F. 1999 Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p. (Ref. 37816)
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Tonga and Rapa.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 8
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Size

Maximum size: 240 mm NG
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Max. size

25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441))
  • Randall, J.E. 1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. (Ref. 11441)
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Diagnostic Description

Characterized by having dorsal fin rays VI-I, 9; anal fin rays II,8; pectoral fin rays 12; pelvic fin rays I, 5; pored lateral line scales 25; predorsal scales 6; circumpeduncular scales 12; large canine-like teeth on jaws; preopercular margin serrated (Ref. 93839).; juveniles have a large black blotch on the caudal peduncle which becomes diffuse with age. Adults resemble adults of C. artus, but have wider stripes with darker interspace (Ref. 37816); characterized further by pale grey color; eight red-brown stripes on side, caudal fin base whitish; dark caudal fin margins; greatest depth of body 3.1-3.8 in SL (Ref 90102).
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Description

Common in outer reef slopes in 4-30 m depth; in caves and ledges of clear lagoon and seaward reefs from 0.5 to at least 40 m, generally hovering solitarily in mid-water (Ref. 1602). Sexual maturity reached at about 8 cm.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 9710), usually ? - 30 m (Ref. 11441)
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
  • Randall, J.E. 1995 Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. (Ref. 11441)
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Depth range based on 179 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 133 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 77
  Temperature range (°C): 22.496 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.517
  Salinity (PPS): 32.276 - 40.307
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 5.079
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.092 - 0.495
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.380 - 6.058

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 77

Temperature range (°C): 22.496 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.517

Salinity (PPS): 32.276 - 40.307

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 5.079

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.092 - 0.495

Silicate (umol/l): 0.380 - 6.058
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 40m.
Recorded at 40 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Largetooth cardinalfish. Lacepede, 1802 Attains 24 cm. Indo-Pacific; Red Sea.
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Trophic Strategy

Found inshore (Ref. 75154); among the corals and in caves (Ref. 9137, 58534).
  • Hiatt, R.W. and D.W. Strasburg 1960 Ecological relationships of the fish fauna on coral reefs of the Marshall Islands. Ecol. Monogr. 30(1):65-127. (Ref. 275)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
  • Thresher, R.E. 1984 Reproduction in reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Neptune City, New Jersey. 399 p. (Ref. 240)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Cheilodipterus macrodon

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 4 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

AACCACAAAGACATCGGCACCCTCTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCCGGAATAGTCGGGACAGCGCTC---AGCTTACTTATTCGAGCCGAGCTTAGCCAACCCGGGGCCCTTCTCGGCGAT---GACCAAATTTACAATGTAATCGTTACAGCACATGCATTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCTATTATGATTGGGGGCTTTGGAAACTGATTAATTCCCTTAATA---ATTGGTGCCCCTGACATGGCATTCCCTCGAATAAATAACATGAGTTTCTGACTTCTCCCTCCATCGTTCCTCCTTCTACTTGCCTCTTCTGGCGTAGAAGCTGGGGCCGGAACCGGATGAACTGTCTACCCGCCCCTTGCAGGCAACCTTGCCCACGCTGGGGCTTCTGTAGATTTA---ACAATCTTCTCACTCCATCTAGCAGGTGTCTCATCAATTCTGGGAGCAATTAACTTTATTACCACAATTATTAATATGAAACCCCCCGCAATTACTCAGTACCAAACCCCCTTGTTCGTATGAGCAGTTCTCATCACCGCCGTTCTTCTCCTCCTTTCCCTACCTGTTTTAGCTGCC---GGCATCACAATACTACTAACAGACCGAAACCTGAATACTACCTTCTTCGACCCCGCGGGAGGTGGTGATCCAATCCTGTATCAGCACCTTTTCTGATTCTTCGGCCATCCGGAAGTCTATATTCTTATTCTGCCTGGCTTTGGCATGATTTCCCACATTGTTGCCTACTACGCTGGCAAAAAA---GAACCTTTCGGCTATATGGGAATAGTCTGGGCTATGATGGCGATTGGCCTACTAGGCTTCATTGTTTGAGCCCATCACATGTTTACAGTCGGAATAGACGTAGACACCCGAGCATACTTTACATCCGCCACAATAATTATTGCCATCCCAACAGGAGTAAAAGTCTTTAGTTGACTA---GCCACCCTTCACGGGGGC---GCAATCAAATGAGAAACCCCCCTGCTATGAGCCCTGGGATTTATCTTCCTGTTCACAGTTGGAGGGCTGACAGGAATTGTTCTAGCTAACTCCTCCCTAGACATTGTTCTGCATGACACGTACTACGTCGTAGCACACTTCCACTATGTC---CTATCTATGGGTGCTGTATTCGCCATCGTAGCTGCCTTCGTCCACTGATTCCCACTTTTTACCGGCTATACCCTTCACAGCACTTGGTCAAAAGTCCACTTTGGAGTGATATTTGTAGGGGTCAAT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cheilodipterus macrodon

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 21
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Wikipedia

Cheilodipterus macrodon

Cheilodipterus macrodon, the large-toothed cardinalfish , is a species of marine fish in the family Apogonidae. It is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific region, Red Sea included.[1]

The large-toothed cardinalfish can reach a maximum size of 25 cm in length,[2] and live at depths of 1-40m.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://eol.org/pages/204403/details#distribution
  2. ^ http://www.fishbase.org/summary/5781
  3. ^ Dianne J. Bray, 2011, Tiger Cardinalfish, Cheilodipterus macrodon, in Fishes of Australia, accessed 07 Oct 2014, http://www.fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/4213
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