Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Forms dense aggregations above or among the branches of Porites cylindrica and other branching corals (e.g. Acropora Ref. 54391) of sheltered lagoons and inshore bays (Ref. 1602); over sandy bottom at depths of 1-40 meters (Ref. 54391). Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300).
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Distribution

Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean.
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Western Pacific: from Indonesia to Vanuatu, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 14 - 16
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Size

Maximum size: 80 mm NG
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Max. size

8.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnosis: Rays: dorsal VI + I,9; anal II,14-16 (rarely 13 or 17); pectoral rays 13-14 (rarely 12). Gill rakers 5-7 + 14-17 (total, 19-23). Lateral-line scales 25+3-4 (rarely 27 or 30). Median predorsal scales 6-7 (rarely 5). Body depth 2.5-2.8 in SL; body width 2.3-2.65 in body depth; eye diameter 2.7-3.2 in head length; first dorsal spine 1.5-1.9 in second spine; second dorsal spine 2.35-3.0, and third dorsal spine 2.35-3.1 in head length; spine of second dorsal fin 2.2-2.6, and second anal spine 2.5-3.1 in head length; pelvic-fin length 4.5-5.1; caudal-peduncle length 4.5-5.4 in SL. Distance from insertion of pelvic spine to anal-fin origin 4.1-5.5 in SL Preopercular edge serrate. Scaly sheath along anal-fin base moderately developed (Ref. 54391).Some geographical variations. Usually a black band below second dorsal fin, but highly variable in width and may fade to barely a trace, or is completely absent. In Japanese and Indian Ocean populations, the band is usually narrow and often absent. Best identified by the two vertical orange stripes over gills and distinctive black peduncular spot (Ref. 48635).
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 29 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 23 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2.135 - 30
  Temperature range (°C): 28.384 - 29.266
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.062 - 0.594
  Salinity (PPS): 32.276 - 34.417
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.641
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.105 - 0.380
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.420 - 6.058

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2.135 - 30

Temperature range (°C): 28.384 - 29.266

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.062 - 0.594

Salinity (PPS): 32.276 - 34.417

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.641

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.105 - 0.380

Silicate (umol/l): 1.420 - 6.058
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 40 m (Ref. 54391), usually 2 - 15 m (Ref. 90102)
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Depth: 2 - 15m.
From 2 to 15 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Depth range based on 29 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 23 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2.135 - 30
  Temperature range (°C): 28.384 - 29.266
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.062 - 0.594
  Salinity (PPS): 32.276 - 34.417
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.641
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.105 - 0.380
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.420 - 6.058

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2.135 - 30

Temperature range (°C): 28.384 - 29.266

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.062 - 0.594

Salinity (PPS): 32.276 - 34.417

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.130 - 4.641

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.105 - 0.380

Silicate (umol/l): 1.420 - 6.058
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300, 75154) which occurs inshore (Ref. 75154). Lives in schools between branches of corals (Ref. 9137, 58534). Forms dense aggregations above or among the branches of Porites cylindrica and other branching corals (e.g. Acropora Ref. 54391) of sheltered lagoons and inshore bays (Ref. 1602); over sandy bottom at depths of 1-40 meters (Ref. 54391).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Are mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Genomic DNA is available from 5 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at Ocean Genome Legacy
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Wikipedia

Taeniamia zosterophora

Taeniamia zosterophora [1] is a species of cardinalfish native to the western Pacific Ocean from Indonesia to Vanuatu and from the Ryukyus to Australia. This species can be found on reefs in protected bays and lagoons, occurring in dense schools around and among the branches of various species of branching corals, notably Porites cylindrica and species of Acropora and over sandy patches. It is found at depths of from 1 to 40 metres (3.3 to 131.2 ft). This species can reach a length of 8 centimetres (3.1 in) TL.[2] It can be distinguished by two narrow vertical red stripes next to its gills and by a distinct small black dot at the base of its tail. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade.[3]

References[edit]

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