IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: parrotfish (English), loro (Espanol)
 
Scarus rubroviolaceus Bleeker, 1847


Bicolor parrotfish,     Ember parrotfish




Body an elongate oval, compressed; snout profile steep and blunt, especially in large males; teeth fused into a beak with two broad joined plates on each jaw, outer surface of plates smooth, not covered by lips; 1-2 canines on rear side of top jaw; dorsal rays IX, 10; anal rays III, 9; pectoral rays 14-16;  tail fin of IP  adults slightly concave, that of terminal  males strongly so; scales large, smooth, 3 rows on cheek, 2 scales in lowest row; 6 scales on center of nape before dorsal fin; lateral line in 2 sections.

IP:  grey on anterior half and whitish posteriorly with small black spots and dark lines on sides and red fins; TP:  mainly green to bluish green, sometimes purplish on anterior half giving strong bicolor effect; a pair of blue bands on chin and beak blue green. Juvenile:  less than ~ 15 mm - body whitish, with 3 dashed thin brown stripes, lowermost line widest and has pale dots along its length, fins clear; larger individuals (15-25 mm)- body whitish with 3 brown to olive stripes (lower one widest) with white spots, a large white blotch on base of tail fin; a dark bar extending down from base of spines 3-8 of dorsal fin; above 25 mm - 3 stripes well developed, dark bar fades, scales develop dark edges, body with scattered white spots, white blotch on tail fin base.


Size: to 71 cm.

Habitat: it occurs on shallow reefs and around their fringes.

Depth: 1-35 m.

Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Americas; the central Gulf of California to Ecuador, as well as the Revillagigedos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo and the Galapagos.
   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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