Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 5213). Plentiful in tidal estuaries (Ref. 2135). Not eaten around the Island of Mozambique because the natives believe it is responsible for leprosy. Others consider the flesh causes boils. Excellent food fish.
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Distribution

Indian Ocean: east coast of Africa to Australia.
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Indian Ocean: East Africa east to India and northern Western Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 7
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Size

Maximum size: 760 mm TL
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Max. size

76.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573))
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Diagnostic Description

Silvery, darker above; head and body covered with dark spots.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; brackish; marine; depth range 20 - 50 m (Ref. 28016)
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Depth: 20 - 50m.
From 20 to 50 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Cock grunter.  (Playfair, 1866)  Attains 60 cm. An excellent food fish; eagerly takes prawns. Not eaten around the Island of Mozambique as the blacks believe the flesh causes leprosy and others believe it causes boils.
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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