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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults inhabit lagoons, coastal embayments, reef passages and outer reefs. Juveniles often found among Sarcophyton and Sinularia soft corals. Feeding aggregations are frequently observed over growths of the staghorn coral Acropora. Feed on zooplankton and filamentous algae (Ref.1602). The stomach contents of a specimen included larval crabs and shrimps, fish eggs, and algae. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Rowley Shoals (eastern Indian Ocean) and Malaysia to Samoa and Tonga (Ref. 53797), north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 13; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 13 - 15
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Size

Maximum size: 90 mm SL
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Max. size

11.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636))
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Diagnostic Description

Several geographical variations. Indonesian populations green with dusky bars when adult. Irian Jaya fish maybe more silvery with greenish bars that ranges from Japan to eastern Australia (Ref. 48636).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 40 m (Ref. 1602)
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Depth range based on 142 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 107 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.55 - 187
  Temperature range (°C): 25.198 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.043 - 1.118
  Salinity (PPS): 32.185 - 35.381
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.149 - 4.746
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.071 - 0.380
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.888 - 6.058

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.55 - 187

Temperature range (°C): 25.198 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.043 - 1.118

Salinity (PPS): 32.185 - 35.381

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.149 - 4.746

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.071 - 0.380

Silicate (umol/l): 0.888 - 6.058
 
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Depth: 1 - 40m.
From 1 to 40 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Occur inshore (Ref. 75154). Inhabit lagoons, coastal embayments, reef passages and outer reefs. Juveniles often found among Sarcophyton and Sinularia soft corals. Feeding aggregations are frequently observed over growths of the staghorn coral Acropora. Feed on plants and benthic invertebrates (Ref. 6110). The stomach contents of a specimen included larval crabs and shrimps, fish eggs, and algae.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Amblyglyphidodon curacao

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
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Wikipedia

Amblyglyphidodon curacao

Amblyglyphidodon curacao, known commonly as the Staghorn Damselfish , is a species of marine fish in the family Pomacentridae, the damselfishes and clownfishes.

It's widespread throughout the tropical waters of the western Pacific Ocean.[1]

It's a small size fish that can reach a maximum size of 11 cm length.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://eol.org/pages/204350/details#distribution
  2. ^ http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Amblyglyphidodon-curacao.html
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