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BiologyInhabit coastal waters (Ref. 30573, 44894), usually entering estuaries (Ref. 44894). Abundant in shallow water and often caught at the surf-line or in rock pools (Ref. 9987). Larger, solitary fish sometimes enter brackish mangrove areas (Ref. 9987). Juveniles in estuaries move into deeper water with growth (Ref. 4335). Often in schools (Ref. 9710). Feed on benthic invertebrates, mainly mollusks (Ref. 5213) and aquatic macrophytes (Ref. 26055). Popular angling species commonly captured with hook and line (Ref. 44894). Marketed fresh (Ref. 5284).