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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabit coastal waters (Ref. 30573, 44894), usually entering estuaries (Ref. 44894). Abundant in shallow water and often caught at the surf-line or in rock pools (Ref. 9987). Larger, solitary fish sometimes enter brackish mangrove areas (Ref. 9987). Juveniles in estuaries move into deeper water with growth (Ref. 4335). Often in schools (Ref. 9710). Feed on benthic invertebrates, mainly mollusks (Ref. 5213) and aquatic macrophytes (Ref. 26055). Popular angling species commonly captured with hook and line (Ref. 44894). Marketed fresh (Ref. 5284).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Japan, China, and Australia.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 13; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 10 - 11
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Size

Maximum size: 800 mm TL
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Max. size

80.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3678)); max. published weight: 12.0 kg (Ref. 1724)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Inhabits coastal waters. Abundant in shallow water and often caught at the surf-line or in rock pools (Ref. 9987). Larger, solitary fish sometimes enter brackish mangrove areas (Ref. 9987). Juveniles in estuaries move into deeper water with growth (Ref. 4335). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, mainly molluscs (Ref. 5213). Also caught using longlines. Generally marketed fresh (Ref. 5284).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Bright yellow mark above the pelvic base.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); brackish; marine; depth range ? - 60 m (Ref. 30573)
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.2 - 15
  Temperature range (°C): 21.061 - 26.857
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.462 - 1.956
  Salinity (PPS): 34.532 - 35.349
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 5.197
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.380 - 0.384
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.568 - 5.808

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.2 - 15

Temperature range (°C): 21.061 - 26.857

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.462 - 1.956

Salinity (PPS): 34.532 - 35.349

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 5.197

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.380 - 0.384

Silicate (umol/l): 2.568 - 5.808
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 60m.
Recorded at 60 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Natal stumpnose.  (Forsskal, 1775)  Attains 80 cm. but averages 40 cm. Red Sea and tropical Indo-West Pacific region. Fairly abundant in Natal waters. Flesh excellent. Easily recognisable by the bright yellow curved mark up and back from the V base. ( Pelvic Ventral fin ).
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 30573), and sandy areas (Ref. 9137). Abundant in shallow water and often caught at the surf-line or in rock pools (Ref. 9987). Larger, solitary fish sometimes enter brackish mangrove areas (Ref. 9987). Juveniles in estuaries move into deeper water with growth (Ref. 4335). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, mainly mollusks (Ref. 5213); also on crabs and worms (Ref. 9137) and aquatic macrophytes (Ref. 26055).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Also Ref. 28504.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Rhabdosargus sarba

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 18 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTTTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGAACTGCCTTAAGCCTGCTCATTCGAGCCGAACTAAGCCAGCCTGGCGCTCTCCTTGGAGACGATCAGATTTACAATGTTATTGTTACAGCACATGCATTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATCATGATTGGGGGGTTTGGAAACTGATTAATCCCACTTATGATTGGDGCCCCTGACATAGCAWTCCCTCGAATAAATAACATAAGCTTCTGACTGCTTCCCCCCTCATTTCTCCTCCTGTTAGCTTCTTCCGGAGTTGAAGCCGGGGCCGGCACTGGATGAACAGTTTACCCTCCCCTAGCAGGCAATCTCGCCCACGCAGGTGCATCAGTTGATTTAACAATCTTTTCCCTTCATTTGGCCGGAATTTCATCCATTCTTGGTGCCATTAACTTCATCACTACAATTATCAACATGAAGCCCCCGGCTATTTCACAGTACCAAACACCACTCTTCGTTTGGGCCGTTCTAATTACCGCCGTCCTGCTTCTTTTATCTCTTCCGGTTCTTGCTGCCGGAATTACGATGCTCCTCACAGATCGAAACCTAAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCAGCCGGAGGAGGGGACCCAATTCTTTATCAGCACCTATTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Rhabdosargus sarba

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 19
Specimens with Barcodes: 35
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
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Wikipedia

Rhabdosargus sarba

Rhabdosargus sarba is a species of fish in the seabream family, Sparidae.

References[edit]

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