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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabit coastal waters (Ref. 30573, 44894), usually entering estuaries (Ref. 44894). Abundant in shallow water and often caught at the surf-line or in rock pools (Ref. 9987). Larger, solitary fish sometimes enter brackish mangrove areas (Ref. 9987). Juveniles in estuaries move into deeper water with growth (Ref. 4335). Often in schools (Ref. 9710). Feed on benthic invertebrates, mainly mollusks (Ref. 5213) and aquatic macrophytes (Ref. 26055). Popular angling species commonly captured with hook and line (Ref. 44894). Marketed fresh (Ref. 5284).
  • Bauchot, M.-L. and M.M. Smith 1984 Sparidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). volume 4. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3507)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Japan, China, and Australia.
  • Bauchot, M.-L. and P.H. Skelton 1986 Sparidae. p. 331-332. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4335)
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 13; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 10 - 11
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)
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Size

Maximum size: 800 mm TL
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Max. size

80.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3678)); max. published weight: 12.0 kg (Ref. 1724)
  • Torres, F.S.B. Jr. 1991 Tabular data on marine fishes from Southern Africa, Part I. Length-weight relationships. Fishbyte 9(1):50-53. (Ref. 3678)
  • Carcasson, R.H. 1977 A field guide to the coral reef fishes of the Indian and West Pacific Oceans. William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd, Glasgow. 320 p. (Ref. 1724)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Inhabits coastal waters. Abundant in shallow water and often caught at the surf-line or in rock pools (Ref. 9987). Larger, solitary fish sometimes enter brackish mangrove areas (Ref. 9987). Juveniles in estuaries move into deeper water with growth (Ref. 4335). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, mainly molluscs (Ref. 5213). Also caught using longlines. Generally marketed fresh (Ref. 5284).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Bright yellow mark above the pelvic base.
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); brackish; marine; depth range ? - 60 m (Ref. 30573)
  • Riede, K. 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. (Ref. 51243)
  • Sommer, C., W. Schneider and J.-M. Poutiers 1996 FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Rome. 376 p. (Ref. 30573)
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.2 - 15
  Temperature range (°C): 21.061 - 26.857
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.462 - 1.956
  Salinity (PPS): 34.532 - 35.349
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 5.197
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.380 - 0.384
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.568 - 5.808

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.2 - 15

Temperature range (°C): 21.061 - 26.857

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.462 - 1.956

Salinity (PPS): 34.532 - 35.349

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 5.197

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.380 - 0.384

Silicate (umol/l): 2.568 - 5.808
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 60m.
Recorded at 60 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Natal stumpnose.  (Forsskal, 1775)  Attains 80 cm. but averages 40 cm. Red Sea and tropical Indo-West Pacific region. Fairly abundant in Natal waters. Flesh excellent. Easily recognisable by the bright yellow curved mark up and back from the V base. ( Pelvic Ventral fin ).
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
  • Riede, K. 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. (Ref. 51243)
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 30573), and sandy areas (Ref. 9137). Abundant in shallow water and often caught at the surf-line or in rock pools (Ref. 9987). Larger, solitary fish sometimes enter brackish mangrove areas (Ref. 9987). Juveniles in estuaries move into deeper water with growth (Ref. 4335). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, mainly mollusks (Ref. 5213); also on crabs and worms (Ref. 9137) and aquatic macrophytes (Ref. 26055).
  • van der Elst, R.P. and F. Adkin (eds.) 1991 Marine linefish: priority species and research objectives in southern Africa. Oceanogr. Res. Inst., Spec. Publ. No.1. 132 p. (Ref. 4332)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Also Ref. 28504.
  • van der Elst, R.P. and F. Adkin (eds.) 1991 Marine linefish: priority species and research objectives in southern Africa. Oceanogr. Res. Inst., Spec. Publ. No.1. 132 p. (Ref. 4332)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Rhabdosargus sarba

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 18 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTTTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGAACTGCCTTAAGCCTGCTCATTCGAGCCGAACTAAGCCAGCCTGGCGCTCTCCTTGGAGACGATCAGATTTACAATGTTATTGTTACAGCACATGCATTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATCATGATTGGGGGGTTTGGAAACTGATTAATCCCACTTATGATTGGDGCCCCTGACATAGCAWTCCCTCGAATAAATAACATAAGCTTCTGACTGCTTCCCCCCTCATTTCTCCTCCTGTTAGCTTCTTCCGGAGTTGAAGCCGGGGCCGGCACTGGATGAACAGTTTACCCTCCCCTAGCAGGCAATCTCGCCCACGCAGGTGCATCAGTTGATTTAACAATCTTTTCCCTTCATTTGGCCGGAATTTCATCCATTCTTGGTGCCATTAACTTCATCACTACAATTATCAACATGAAGCCCCCGGCTATTTCACAGTACCAAACACCACTCTTCGTTTGGGCCGTTCTAATTACCGCCGTCCTGCTTCTTTTATCTCTTCCGGTTCTTGCTGCCGGAATTACGATGCTCCTCACAGATCGAAACCTAAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCAGCCGGAGGAGGGGACCCAATTCTTTATCAGCACCTATTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Rhabdosargus sarba

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 19
Specimens with Barcodes: 35
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 1992 FAO yearbook 1990. Fishery statistics. Catches and landings. FAO Fish. Ser. (38). FAO Stat. Ser. 70:(105):647 p. (Ref. 4931)
  • Garibaldi, L. 1996 List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p. (Ref. 12108)
  • Frimodt, C. 1995 Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial warmwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. (Ref. 9987)
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Wikipedia

Rhabdosargus sarba

Rhabdosargus sarba is a species of fish in the seabream family, Sparidae.

References[edit]

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