Overview

Distribution

Africa: Okavango and the upper Save-Runde Rivers, Zambezi River system in Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
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Southern Africa.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 220 mm TL
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Max. size

22.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5596))
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; freshwater
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Trophic Strategy

Frequency of occurence in Caprivi: common in sandy streams, occasionally on rocky streams, common in standing deep water, frequently in shallow swamps (Ref. 37065).
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Associations

Known prey organisms

Haplochromis darlingi (Haplochromis darlingi (cichlid fish)) preys on:
zooplankton
Insecta
Diptera
Gastropoda

Based on studies in:
Africa, Lake McIlwaine (Lake or pond)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • B. E. Marshall, The fish of Lake McIlwaine. In Lake McIlwaine: the eutrophication and recovery of a tropical man-made lake (J. A. Thornton, Ed.) Vol 49 Monographia Biologicae, D. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague, pp. 156-188, from p. 180 (1982).
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Known predators

Haplochromis darlingi (Haplochromis darlingi (cichlid fish)) is prey of:
Tilapia rendalli
Hydrocynus vittatus

Based on studies in:
Africa, Lake McIlwaine (Lake or pond)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • B. E. Marshall, The fish of Lake McIlwaine. In Lake McIlwaine: the eutrophication and recovery of a tropical man-made lake (J. A. Thornton, Ed.) Vol 49 Monographia Biologicae, D. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague, pp. 156-188, from p. 180 (1982).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial
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Disclaimer

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