Articles on this page are available in 2 other languages: Spanish (1), Chinese (Simplified) (4) (learn more)

Overview

Comprehensive Description

Sphoeroides pachygaster ( Müller & Troschel, 1848)

Aegean Sea : 23700-576 (1 spc.), May 2001 , Bozcaada Island , trawl , 125 m, L. Eryilmaz ; 23700-580 (1 spc.), October 1999 , Saros Bay , trawl , 180 m, L. Eryilmaz, M. Özulug .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 53-53, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
Public Domain

MagnoliaPress via Plazi

Source: Plazi.org

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Biology

Inhabit sandy, muddy and rocky bottoms (Ref. 2683). Young are pelagic (Ref. 7251). Feed mainly on squid. In southeast Brazil captured between 50 and 145 m (Ref. 47377).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

circumglobally in tropical and temperate seas; Western Atlantic: La Have Bank to Argentina
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

circumglobally in tropical and temperate seas; Western Atlantic: La Have Bank to Argentina
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas.
  • Shipp, R.L. 1990 Tetraodontidae. p. 1069-1072. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7464)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, including western Mediterranean Sea, Hawaiian Islands.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7 - 9; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 8 - 9
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Size

Maximum size: 405 mm SL
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Max. size

40.5 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 26350))
  • Ragonese, S., P. Jereb and U. Morara 1997 Morphometric relationships of Sphoeroides pachygaster (Pisces - Tetraodontidae) of the Strait of Sicily (Mediterranean Sea). Cah. Biol. Mar. 38:283-289. (Ref. 26350)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Diagnostic Description

Body without prickles (Ref. 559). Brownish above, white below; occasionally with dark spots on flanks (Ref. 4919).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

benthic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Inhabits sandy, muddy and rocky bottoms.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

benthic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Inhabits sandy, muddy and rocky bottoms.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Marine
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Environment

benthopelagic; marine; depth range 50 - 480 m (Ref. 33352), usually 50 - 250 m (Ref. 10985)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 431 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 198 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 40 - 50000
  Temperature range (°C): 3.048 - 23.436
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.434 - 32.031
  Salinity (PPS): 33.276 - 38.013
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.870 - 6.184
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.132 - 2.237
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.824 - 47.263

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 40 - 50000

Temperature range (°C): 3.048 - 23.436

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.434 - 32.031

Salinity (PPS): 33.276 - 38.013

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.870 - 6.184

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.132 - 2.237

Silicate (umol/l): 1.824 - 47.263
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth: 80 - 400m.
From 80 to 400 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Trophic Strategy

Inhabits sandy, muddy and rocky bottoms. Young are pelagic (Ref. 7251). Feeds mainly on squid.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Partner Web Site: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds mainly on squid
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Diet

Feeds mainly on squid
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
translation missing: en.license_cc_by_4_0

© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Sphoeroides pachygaster

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 11 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACACGCTGATTCTTCTCAACCAATCACAAAGACATCGGTACCCTTTACCTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCTGGAATAGTGGGGACAGCCTTA---AGCCTCCTCATTCGGGCAGAGTTAAGCCAACCCGGCGCACTCTTAGGTGAC---GACCAGATTTATAATGTAATCGTCACAGCCCATGCATTTGTAATAATCTTCTTTATAGTAATACCCATCATGATTGGTGGCTTCGGAAATTGATTAATTCCACTTATA---ATCGGAGCCCCCGACATAGCATTCCCTCGAATAAACAATATGAGCTTCTGACTTCTCCCTCCCTCCTTTCTTCTTCTTCTAGCCTCTGCTGGCGTAGAAGCTGGAGCTGGTACGGGTTGAACCGTGTATCCTCCCTTGGCCGGAAATCTGGCACACGCAGGGGCTTCCGTAGACTTA---ACCATTTTCTCTCTTCATCTTGCGGGTGTCTCGTCGATCCTGGGGGCCATCAATTTTATTACTACAATTATTAACATGAAGCCTCCTGCAATCTCGCAATATCAAACACCTTTATTTGTATGAGCGGTCTTAATTACTGCCGTCCTTCTCCTTCTCTCACTCCCAGTTCTTGCAGCG---GGGATTACAATGCTTCTCACAGACCGAAACCTCAACACCACCTTTTTCGATCCGGCTGGAGGTGGGGACCCAATCCTCTATCAACATCTATTCTGATTCTTTGGACACCCAGAAGTTTATATCCTCATTCTGCCCGGCTTCGGAATGATTTCACACATTGTAGCCTACTACGCTGGCAAAAAA---GAACCCTTCGGTTATATAGGAATGGTTTGAGCCATGATAGCCATTGGCTTATTAGGGTTTATCGTCTGAGCTCACCATATGTTTACAGTGGGAATAGACGTTGACACTCGAGCTTACTTTACTTCTGCTACAATAATTATTGCTATTCCCACCGGGGTAAAAGTGTTTAGCTGATTA---GCTACCCTTCATGGTGGC---TCAATTAAATGAGAAACTCCAATGCTCTGAGCCCTCGGCTTTATTTTCCTCTTTACAGTAGGGGGTCTAACAGGTATTGTATTGGCCAACTCCTCCTTAGACATTGTACTTCATGACACTTACTATGTAGTAGCCCACTTCCATTACGTT---CTCTCCATAGGAGCCGTATTTGCCATTATGGGAGCTTTCGTACACTGATTCCCCCTCTTCTCCGGATACACTCTTCATAGTACTTGAACAAAAATCCATTTCGTAGTAATATTTGTAGGAGTAAACTTAACCTTCTTCCCCCAGCACTTCCTCGGGCTTGCAGGAATACCCCGC---CGATACTCTGACTATCCCGATGCCTACGCA---TTATGAAATACAGTTTCATCCATTGGCTCTATAATTTCCCTCGTAGCAGTCATTATGTTCCTATTTATTTTATGAGAAGCATTCGCTGCTAAACGAGAGGTT---AAATCAGTTGAACTAACAATAACCAAT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sphoeroides pachygaster

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 17
Specimens with Barcodes: 43
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
D2

Version
2.3

Year Assessed
1996
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
Roberts, C.

Reviewer/s

Contributor/s
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Vulnerable (VU) (D2)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Blunthead puffer

The blunthead puffer, Sphoeroides pachygaster, is a pufferfish of the family Tetraodontidae, found circumglobally in tropical and temperate seas, at depths between 50 and 500 m. Its length is up to 40 cm.

References

  • Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Sphoeroides pachygaster" in FishBase. April 2012 version.
  • Tony Ayling & Geoffrey Cox, Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand, (William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1982) ISBN 0-00-216987-8
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!