Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found mostly in inshore bays, lagoons, harbors, mangrove pools and estuaries, thus apparently able to tolerate lowered salinities. Inhabits turbid waters, forming large schools (Ref. 1602). Also caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213). Used as tuna baitfish.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Mozambique, Madagascar and Mauritius, east to Samoa, north to the Philippine, Caroline and Mariana islands. The Ogasawara (Bonin) record seems reliable. No Indian specimens. Probably occurs in the Persian Gulf. Occurrence in Thailand (Ref. 1632) needs to be confirmed.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Caroline Islands (Micronesia) and Mariana Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) at 16°30'S, a
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 16; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 27 - 30
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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Size

Maximum size: 150 mm SL
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Max. size

16.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 54980))
  • Randall, J.E. 2005 Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 p. (Ref. 54980)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Found mostly in inshore bays, lagoons, harbors, mangrove pools and estuaries, thus apparently able to tolerate lowered salinities. Inhabits turbid waters, forming large schools (Ref. 1602). Also caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213)
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 4 to 9 + 7 to 10 = 12 to 18 keeled scutes, the pre-pelvic scutes ending below the pectoral fin base or behind it. Maxilla short, reaching to just beyond front border of pre-operculum, tip pointed.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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Type Information

Type for Thryssa baelama
Catalog Number: USNM 51719
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): D. Jordan & V. Kellogg
Year Collected: 1902
Locality: Samoa, Apia., Upolu, Samoa, Samoa Islands, Pacific
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189)
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.5 - 16
  Temperature range (°C): 28.408 - 28.408
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.443 - 0.443
  Salinity (PPS): 34.116 - 34.116
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.545 - 4.545
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.072 - 0.072
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.202 - 1.202

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1.5 - 16
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Thryssa baelama

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Thryssa baelama

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p. (Ref. 171)
  • Lewis, A.D., B.R. Smith and C.P. Ellway 1983 A guide to the common tuna baitfishes of the South Pacific Commission area. South Pacific Commission, Handbook No. 23, Noumea, New Caledonia. (Ref. 6822)
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