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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits subtidal reef flats and outer lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602). Usually in areas with mixed sand, rubble, and coral (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on gastropods, other hard-shelled prey (Ref. 9823), and foraminiferans (Ref. 37816). Rarely marketed. Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27115.
  • Randall, J.E. 1978 A revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Macropharyngodon, with descriptions of five new species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 28(4):742-770. (Ref. 2694)
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is found in the Indo-Pacific ranging north from southern Japan and south to Sydney in Australia and east from Cocos-Keeling Atoll, East to the Pitcairn Islands.
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Indo-Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean to western Pacific and islands of Oceania.
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West Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 11; Vertebrae: 25
  • Randall, J.E. 1978 A revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Macropharyngodon, with descriptions of five new species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 28(4):742-770. (Ref. 2694)
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Size

Maximum size: 150 mm SL
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Max. size

15.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9823))
  • Westneat, M.W. 2001 Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9823)
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Diagnostic Description

Color in life of young and females whitish to greenish with irregular black spots; males orange-red with greenish yellow spots (edged in blue and black, per scale); head spotted and banded. Anterior lateral line scales with 2-4 pores. Pelvic fins short, not reaching anus.
  • Randall, J.E. 1978 A revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Macropharyngodon, with descriptions of five new species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 28(4):742-770. (Ref. 2694)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits shallow patch reefs, lagoons, and bays with sand and rubble substrate in depths of one to at least 30 m. It feeds on micro-zoobenthos.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 1602), usually 0 - 30 m (Ref. 27115)
  • Baensch, H.A. and H. Debelius 1997 Meerwasser atlas. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86, 49302, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. 3rd edition. (Ref. 27115)
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Depth range based on 46 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 24 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 39.5
  Temperature range (°C): 25.335 - 29.058
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.027 - 0.622
  Salinity (PPS): 33.950 - 35.376
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.444 - 4.757
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 0.284
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.803 - 4.892

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 39.5

Temperature range (°C): 25.335 - 29.058

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.027 - 0.622

Salinity (PPS): 33.950 - 35.376

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.444 - 4.757

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 0.284

Silicate (umol/l): 0.803 - 4.892
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 30m.
Recorded at 30 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs inshore (Ref. 75154). Feeds on detritus, benthic and planktonic invertebrates (Ref. 6110).
  • Sano, M., M. Shimizu and Y. Nose 1984 Food habits of teleostean reef fishes in Okinawa Island, southern Japan. University of Tokyo Bulletin, no. 25. v,128p. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, Japan. 128 p. (Ref. 6110)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Macropharyngodon meleagris

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 22 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CACCCTTTATTTAGTATTCGGAGCCTGAGCCGGGATAGTGGGCACGGCCCTAAGCTTGCTCATCCGAGCCGAACTTAGCCAGCCCGGTGCTCTCCTCGGAGATGACCAGATCTACAACGTTATCGTAACAGCCCATGCTTTCGTAATGATCTTCTTTATAGTAATACCCATTATGATTGGCGGGTTTGGGAACTGACTAATTCCATTAATGATCGGGGCCCCTGACATGGCCTTTCCCCGAATAAACAACATGAGCTTTTGACTTCTGCCCCCCTCCTTCCTCCTCCTCCTGGCCTCATCAGGCGTAGAGGCCGGGGCAGGAACTGGCTGAACAGTATACCCCCCTTTAGCAGGAAACCTCGCCCATGCAGGAGCATCCGTGGACCTAACTATCTTTTCGCTGCACTTAGCTGGTATCTCTTCTATTTTAGGCGCAATTAACTTTATTACAACCATTGTTAACATAAAACCCCCAGCCATTTCACAGTATCAGACACCTCTATTCGTCTGAGCCGTTTTAATTACAGCAGTCCTGCTACTCCTCTCCCTCCCAGTCCTAGCTGCCGGCATCACCATGCTTCTAACTGACCGAAACCTAAATACTACGTTCTTTGACCCCGCCGGAGGGGGGGACCCAATTTTATACCAACACTTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Macropharyngodon meleagris

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 21
Specimens with Barcodes: 27
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Craig, M. & Yeeting, B.

Reviewer/s
Rocha, L.A. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is wide ranging and common in the Indo-Pacific. There are no known major threats to the species, and it occurs within marine protected areas throughout its range. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There is no explicit information available on population trends for this species. It is generally considered as common.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species, although it is collected for the aquarium trade.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. However, its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range (Wood 2007).
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Burgess, W.E., H.R. Axelrod and R.E. Hunziker III 1990 Dr. Burgess's atlas of marine aquarium fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. 768 p.
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Wikipedia

Macropharyngodon meleagris

Macropharyngodon meleagris, the Black-spotted wrasse, is a species of wrasse native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It occurs on coral reefs at depths of from the surface to 30 metres (98 ft). This species can reach a length of 15 centimetres (5.9 in) SL. It can also be found in the aquarium trade.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Craig, M. & Yeeting, B. 2010. Macropharyngodon meleagris. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 November 2013.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Macropharyngodon meleagris" in FishBase. August 2013 version.
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