The tiger barb or Sumatra barb, Puntius tetrazona
, is a small (about 6-7 cm long), aggressive, colorful species of freshwater tropical fish belonging to the Puntius genus of the huge minnow family Cyprinidae. It feeds on small invertebrates (especially worms and crustaceans) and plant matter. The taxonomic history of this species is complicated and confusing; tiger barbs and other barb species are known by three different generic designations: Barbodes, Capoeta,
. The tiger barb is thought to be native to quiet, clear streams of the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo, but it is also found in many other parts of Asia, and because it has been introduced broadly, its exact origin is not really known. Tiger barbs are ubiquitously found in the aquarium trade. In 1994 this species reported as the 10th most imported ornamental fish species into the US. It is easily bred in captivity; most commercial available fish are bred in Asia and Eastern Europe. There are several different color morphs (including the green moss barb and the albino tiger barb), and tiger barbs are also hybridized with other barb species to produce other variations for the commercial market.
(Froese and Pauly 2000
; Seriously Fish
; Wikipedia 2012