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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits coastal waters. Forms large schools. Probably feeds on small benthic animals. Used for fish meal and duck food.
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: western and southern coasts of India and off Sri Lanka to Indonesia, the Philippines and Ryukyu Islands, and south to the northern part of Australia (Ref. 3131).
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 15; Anal spines: 5 - 6; Analsoft rays: 12 - 13
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Size

Maximum size: 150 mm ---
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Max. size

15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2872))
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Diagnostic Description

Body is slender, with weakly attached silvery scales. The spines of the dorsal and anal fins longer than the rays; the pectoral fins long and pointed, reaching beyond the anal fin spines; the anal fin is long; the caudal fin lobes rounded.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; brackish; marine; depth range 15 - 220 m (Ref. 12260)
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Depth range based on 674 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 445 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 8.9 - 175
  Temperature range (°C): 20.374 - 28.199
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.048 - 12.940
  Salinity (PPS): 32.916 - 35.468
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.775 - 4.701
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.064 - 1.170
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.498 - 19.050

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 8.9 - 175

Temperature range (°C): 20.374 - 28.199

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.048 - 12.940

Salinity (PPS): 32.916 - 35.468

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.775 - 4.701

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.064 - 1.170

Silicate (umol/l): 0.498 - 19.050
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 20 - 220m.
From 20 to 220 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Schooling species which occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Feeds mainly on polychaetes and crustaceans (Ref. 26908).
  • Yamashita, Y., N. Piamthipmanus and K. Mochizuki 1987 Gut contents analysis of fishes sampled from the Gulf of Thailand. p.33-55. In K. Kawaguchi (ed.) Studies on the mechanism of marine productivity in the shallow waters around the South China Sea with special reference to the Gulf of Thailand. Grant-in-Aid no. 61043019 for OSS, Ministry of Educ. Sci. and Culture, Japan (Ref. 26908)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=26908&speccode=388 External link.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Pentaprion longimanus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 4 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CTTTACATAGTATTTGGTGCCTGGGCCGGAATAGTAGGAACTGCTCTT---AGCCTGTTAATTCGGGCCGAGCTCAGCCAACCCGGCGCCCTCCTCGGAGAT---GACCAAATTTACAACGTAATCGTTACGGCGCATGCCTTTGTAATAATCTTCTTCATAGTTATGCCCATCATAATTGGTGGCTTCGGAAACTGACTTATTCCACTTATG---ATCGGAGCTCCTGACATGGCCTTCCCTCGAATGAATAACATGAGCTTCTGACTTCTACCTCCATCCTTCCTGCTTCTTCTCGCTTCTTCTGGAGTAGAGTCGGGTGCTGGAACAGGATGAACCGTTTACCCGCCCCTAGCCGGTAACTTAGCCCACGCAGGTGCATCTGTTGACCTT---ACAATCTTTTCCCTTCACCTAGCAGGTGTTTCCTCAATCCTCGGGGCAATTAATTTCATCACCACAATTATTAACATGAAACCCCCAGCTATTTCCCAATATCAAACCCCTCTATTTGTATGAGCTGTACTAATTACGGCCGTTCTACTGCTACTATCCCTTCCAGTACTAGCGGCT---GGCATTACAATGCTCCTTACGGACCGAAATCTGAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCTGCGGGGGGAGGAGACCCAATTCTATACCAACACTTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pentaprion longimanus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 8
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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Wikipedia

Pentaprion longimanus

The longfin mojarra, Pentaprion longimanus, is a species of mojarra native to the coastal waters of the Indian Ocean from the Indian coast to the western Pacific. This species grows to 15 cm (5.9 in) in total length, though most do not exceed 10 cm (3.9 in). This species is of minor importance to local commercial fisheries, usually being made into fish meal or feed for ducks. It is the only known member of its genus.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Pentaprion longimanus" in FishBase. April 2013 version.
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