Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott 1991 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)
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Distribution

Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil. Absent from west of Mississippi Delta and in Caribbean (Ref. 26938)
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Western Atlantic: North Carolina and Bahamas to Gulf of Mexico.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 100 mm TL
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Max. size

10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Type Information

Paralectotype; Syntype for Anarchopterus criniger
Catalog Number: USNM 218815
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): S. Stearns
Year Collected: 1882
Locality: Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
  • Paralectotype: ; Bean, T. H. & Dresel, H. G. 1884. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 2: 99.; Syntype: ; Bean, T. H. & Dresel, H. G. 1884. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 2: 99.
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Lectotype; Syntype for Anarchopterus criniger
Catalog Number: USNM 33173
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): S. Stearns
Year Collected: 1882
Locality: Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
  • Lectotype: ; Bean, T. H. & Dresel, H. G. 1884. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 2: 99.; Syntype: ; Bean, T. H. & Dresel, H. G. 1884. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 2: 99.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine
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Depth range based on 10 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 4.1 - 11
  Temperature range (°C): 26.658 - 26.658
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.632 - 0.632
  Salinity (PPS): 36.130 - 36.130
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.583 - 4.583
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.085 - 0.085
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.068 - 2.068

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 4.1 - 11
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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