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Vampyrocrossota childressi

Vampyrocrossota childressi is a small jellyfish in the family Rhopalonematidae.[1] It is the only known species of jellyfish that is truly black.[2]



Vampyrocrossota childressi has only been found in the Pacific Ocean off California and Oregon.[3] This deep-sea animal lives between 600-1475 m depth.[2]


This species was named after James J. Childress, a marine biologist at the University of California, Santa Barbara who helped discover this jellyfish.[4]


  1. ^ Vampyrocrossota childressi Thuesen, E.V. 1993.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species.
  2. ^ a b Thuesen, E.V. 1993. Vampyrocrossota childressi, a new genus and species of black medusa from the bathypelagic zone off California (Cnidaria: Trachymedusae: Rhopalonematidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 106 (1): 190-194.
  3. ^ Thuesen, E.V., 2003. Crossota millsae (Cnidaria: Trachymedusae: Rhopalonematidae), a new species of viviparous hydromedusa from the deep sea off California and Hawaii. Zootaxa, 309: 1-12
  4. ^ "Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names". Retrieved 28 July 2012.



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