Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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introduced; Conn., Ill., Md., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., expected elsewhere; Japan (of garden origin); cultivated worldwide.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants forming open clumps 35–50 × 30 cm; rhizomes sometime stoloniferous. Leaves: petiole erect, green, dotted purple at base, 17–25 cm; blade deep olive green, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 10–17 × 5–7.5 cm, apex narrowly acuminate; veins in 5–6 lateral pairs. Scape 40–50 cm. Inflorescences: racemes 10–20-flowered, lax, slender, 17–20 cm; floral bracts short, glossy green, narrowly navicular; sterile bracts 3–5, large, leafy. Flowers 4–4.5 cm, not fragrant; perianth tubular-campanulate; tepals purplish violet, lobes spreading, recurved; anthers purple. Capsules rarely developing (pod sterile). 2n = 60.
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Ecology

Habitat

Disturbed open areas; 0--300m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering late summer--early fall (September).
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Notes

Comments

Hosta lancifolia produces an excellent ground cover with deep olive green leaves and vigorous vegetative growth. Since this species is of ancient horticultural origin and does not occur in the wild, it has been reduced to cultivar status in horticultural nomenclature as Hosta ‘Lancifolia’ (W. G. Schmid 1991).
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