The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Brandt, JF., 1835. Echinodermata ordo Holothurina. Pp. 42-62. In: Prodromus Descriptionis Animalium ab H. Mertensio in Orbis Terrarum Circumnavigatione Observatorum. Fasc. I: 75 pps. Petropoli.
  • Hansson, H. (2013). Apodida. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Hendler, Gordon, John E. Miller, David L. Pawson, and Porter M. Kier. 1995. Sea Stars, Sea Urchins, and Allies: Echinoderms of Florida and the Caribbean. xi + 390
  • J. F. Brandt. 1835. Prodromus descriptionis animalium ab H. Mertensio in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione observatorum. Animalia Mertensii. Petropoli, Lipsiae 1:1-75


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