The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Banister, K., A. Campbell. 1985. The Encyclopedia of Aquatic Life. New York: Facts on File Publishing.
  • CALDER D.R. & W. VERVOORT (1998) Zool. Verh., Leiden 319: 3-65.
  • Cairns, Stephen D., Dale R. Calder, Anita Brinckmann-Voss, Clovis B. Castro, Daphne G. Fautin,.. 2002. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, Second Edition, 2002. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 28. xi + 115
  • Coleman, N. 1991. Encyclopedia of Marine Animals. London: Blandford.
  • Desbruyeres, D., Segonzac M., & Bright M. (2006). Handbook of Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Fauna. Denisia. 18, 544.
  • Ellis, J.; Solander, D. 1786. The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63. External link.
  • GALEA Horia, ZIEMSKI Frédéric, in : DORIS, 1/12/2011 : Ectopleura larynx (Ellis & Solander, 1786),
  • Grzimek, B. 1972. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, Volume 1 Lower Animals. New York: Von Nostrand Reinhold Company.
  • Murphy, R. 1967. The Larousse Encyclopedia of Animal Life. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  • Nichols, D. 1971. The Oxford Book of Invertebrates. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Nutting, C. C. 1901. Hydroids of the Woods Hole Region. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, vol. 19, 1899; Fig.17
  • Ricketts, , Calvin, Hedgpeth. 1948. Between Pacific Tides.
  • Schuchert, P. (2013). WoRMS Hydrozoa: World Hydrozoa database (version 2013-03-04). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Schuchert, P. (2014). Ectopleura larynx (Ellis & Solander, 1786). In: Schuchert, P. (2014) World Hydrozoa database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Tubularia bellis
  • Watson, J. E. (1973). Pearson Island Expedition 1969 - 9. Hydroids. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 97, 153-200.


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