The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Allman, G.J., (1871-1872). A monograph of the Gymnoblastic or Tubularian hydroids, Vol. I & II. London: Ray Society. External link.
  • BIOMAERL team, (1999). Biomaerl: maerl biodiversity; functional structure and anthropogenic impacts. EC Contract no. MAS3-CT95-0020, 973 pp. External link.
  • Cairns, Stephen D., Dale R. Calder, Anita Brinckmann-Voss, Clovis B. Castro, Daphne G. Fautin,.. 2002. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, Second Edition, 2002. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 28. xi + 115
  • Cornelius, P.F.S., (1990a). European Obelia (Cnidaria, Hydroida): systematics and identification. Journal of Natural History, 24, 535-578. External link.
  • Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.), (1995b). Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. External link.
  • Hincks, T., (1868). A history of the British hydroid zoophytes, vol. I & II. London: van Voorst. External link.
  • JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line], External link.
  • LE GRANCHÉ Philippe, MÜLLER Yves, in : DORIS, 22/4/2013 : Tubularia indivisa Linnaeus, 1758,
  • Moyano H. 1995. Bryozoa. En: S Simonetti JA, MTK Arroyo, A Spotorno & E Lozada (eds) Diversidad Biológica de Chile. Comité Nacional de Diversidad Biológica. Comisión Nacinal de Investigación Cientñifica y Tecnológica, Santiago Chile. 364 pp.
  • Schuchert P. (2015). WoRMS Hydrozoa: World Hydrozoa database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!