Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Size: medium. Plumage: grey or light brown with black half-collar; tail longish and somewhat graduated with white tip. Other characters: dark red or black bare parts; bare tarsus.
  • Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 15 specimens in 10 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 13 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 0
  Temperature range (°C): 9.620 - 15.249
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.733 - 10.807
  Salinity (PPS): 32.945 - 35.485
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.880 - 6.636
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.279 - 0.640
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.827 - 7.273

Graphical representation

Temperature range (°C): 9.620 - 15.249

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.733 - 10.807

Salinity (PPS): 32.945 - 35.485

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.880 - 6.636

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.279 - 0.640

Silicate (umol/l): 1.827 - 7.273
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:108Public Records:58
Specimens with Sequences:86Public Species:10
Specimens with Barcodes:86Public BINs:11
Species:12         
Species With Barcodes:11         
          
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Streptopelia

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Streptopelia

Streptopelia is a genus of birds in the dove family. These are mainly slim, small to medium-sized species. The upperparts tend to be pale brown, and the underparts are often a shade of pink. Many have a characteristic black-and-white patch on the neck, and monotonous cooing songs.

Like Streptopelia orientalis, the turtle-doves typically have a "scaled" neck and wing pattern

The heartland of this genus is Africa, but several species occur in tropical southern Asia. As a group, this genus is highly successful; many species are abundant in a range of habitats in the tropics, and two now have a much more extensive distribution.

The Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto, naturally expanded out of its original range of the warmer temperate regions from south east Europe to Japan to colonise the rest of Europe, reaching as far west as Great Britain by 1960, and Ireland soon after. It has also been introduced into the US and, as of 1999 it had been reported from 22 states and was still spreading rapidly.

The Spotted Dove, S. chinensis (probably better placed in Spilopelia, see below), is an abundant and ubiquitous resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia, but it has been introduced to the US, Hawaii, northern Indonesia, Australia and New Zealand.

A DNA sequence analysis (Johnson et al., 2001) has concluded that the genus consists of three distinct lineages. One contains the Laughing Dove and the Spotted Dove, which have long been recognized as having distinct morphology and behavior. The second group contains most of the other species, except the Madagascar Turtle Dove and the Pink Pigeon, which appear to be the surviving species of an endemic Madagascar/Mascarenes radiation and have at times been placed in other genera. The two-species lineages appear to be each other's closest relatives and cannot be firmly assigned to either Columba or Streptopelia (although overall they seem to be close to the latter). Thus, it might be best to split the two minor lineages off as distinct genera, namely Spilopelia for the first (which has priority over Stigmatopelia) and Nesoenas for the last.

Species[edit]

The Spilopelia group (here: Spotted Dove, S. chinensis) has a multi-spotted neck pattern unlike other Old World doves
The Nesoenas group (here: Madagascar Turtle Dove, N./S. picturata) has a reddish hue and no conspicuous neck pattern; they are found in the Madagascar region

Possibly separable as Spilopelia

Streptopelia main lineage

Possibly separable as Nesoenas

References[edit]

Media related to Nesoenas at Wikimedia Commons

Media related to Spilopelia at Wikimedia Commons

  • Johnson, Kevin P.; de Kort, Selvino; Dinwoodey, Karen, Mateman, A. C.; ten Cate, Carel; Lessells, C. M. & Clayton, Dale H. (2001): A molecular phylogeny of the dove genera Streptopelia and Columba. Auk 118(4): 874-887. PDF fulltext
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Source: Wikipedia

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