Overview

Brief Summary

Biology

azooxanthellate
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Comprehensive Description

Description

"Flabellum truncum Cairns, 1982

 

 

 

Description. Corallum ceratoid to trochoid, compressed. Angle of lateral edges 45°-70°; inclination of lateral faces 22°-38°; ratio of GCD/LCD 1.4-2.2. Corallum (anthocyathus) proximally truncated, resulting from transverse fission from a presumably attached base (the anthocaulus). Scar of attachment from 9 to 14 mm long and from 5 to 9 mm wide; usually worn. Largest specimen 38 x 23 mm in CD; tallest specimen 39.4 mm in height. Theca thin, sometimes bearing low, rounded, longitudinal ridges, one corresponding to each S1-3. Lateral edges rounded, never carinate or spinose. Calicular margin entire; profile of margin arched. Septa hexamerally arranged in five cycles, rarely with additional S6. S1, S2, and S3 equal in size and extending to columella. S4 about half of size of S1; S5 about one fourth of size of S4. Sometimes lower inner edges of S4 bending toward and fusing with S3. Septa not exsert and bearing large, pointed or blunt

 

granules measuring as high as septal thickness. Lower inner edges of larger septa thickened and slightly sinuous; sinuosity corresponding to shallow undulations of currugated septa. Columella variable in structure, but usually slender, elongate, loose fusion of inner edges of S1-3; may sometimes be a slightly wider, flat, solid mass or a very wide (up to 25% of LCD), loose, spongy structure.

 

 

Remarks. Zibrowius (1974b) suggested that the truncated flabellids may reproduce asexually by transverse division (‘strobilation’) with one basal part (the anthocaulus stage (see Wells, 1966, p.226)), producing more than one corallum (the anthocyathus stage). Unfortunately, no attached specimens or specimens in the process of dividing were found among the lots of F. truncum. When the attached and free stages of the truncated flabellids are known, some species will probably be synonymized.

 

 

Discussion. F. truncum belongs to the flabella truncata section of the genus Flabellum (see Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848, p. 259), which is equivalent to Zibrowius's (1974b) 'second group’. Zibrowius listed 19 species from this group, which are all characterized by a transverse division, but none of these are known from the eastern Pacific or the Subantarctic. Many are distinguished by prominent costal spines or crests. Out of this group, F. truncum is most similar to F. inconstans Marenzeller, 1904, known from off South

 

Africa at 100 m. F. truncum is distinguished by its smaller size, lesser number of septa, and deeper bathymetric range.

 

 

Etymology. The specific name truncum (Latin: piece cut off, tip) refers to the detached distal anthocyathus stage of this species.

 

 

Material. Eltanin sta. 21-282 (1), USNM 47526; sta. 338 (1), USNM 47527. Islas Orcadas sta 575-5 (1), USNM 47528. Anton Bruun sta. 11-88 (2), USNM 47529.

 

 

Types. The holotype, collected at Eltanin station 21-283, is deposited at the United States National Museum (47174). Six paratypes from Eltanin station 21-283 (number 47175) and 19 from Anton Bruun station 18-714 (number 47176) are deposited at the United States National Museum. One paratype from Anton Bruun station 18-714 is deposited at the British Museum (1979.11.4.1). Type-locality: 53°13'S, 75°41'W (off Isla Desolacion, Chile); 1500-1666 m.

 

 

Distribution. Off western coast of South America from off Peru to off southern Chile; south of Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas); Falkland Plateau (Map 11).

 

 

Depth range: 595-1896 m." Cairns 1982, p. 46, Plate 14, figs. 5-8.

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© National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Source: Antarctic Invertebrates Website (NMNH)

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Biology: Skeleton

More info
AuthorSkeleton?Mineral or Organic?MineralPercent Magnesium
Cairns, Hoeksema, and van der Land, 1999 YES MINERAL ARAGONITE
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© Hexacorallians of the World

Source: Hexacorallians of the World

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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Flabellum truncum Cairns, 1982
Catalog Number: USNM 47175
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center
Year Collected: 1966
Locality: Strait Of Magellan, west mouth of strait, Magallanes y Antartica Chilena, Chile, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1500 to 1666
Vessel: Eltanin R/V
  • Paratype: Cairns, S. D. 1982. Antarct. Res. Ser. 11, 34 (1): 46, pl.14, figs.5-8.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Holotype for Flabellum truncum Cairns, 1982
Catalog Number: USNM 47174
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center
Year Collected: 1966
Locality: Strait Of Magellan, west mouth of strait, Magallanes y Antartica Chilena, Chile, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 1500 to 1666
Vessel: Eltanin R/V
  • Holotype: Cairns, S. D. 1982. Antarct. Res. Ser. 11, 34 (1): 46, pl.14, figs.5-8.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Flabellum truncum Cairns, 1982
Catalog Number: USNM 47176
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1966
Locality: Off Taltal, Chile, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 950 to 950
Vessel: Anton Bruun R/V
  • Paratype: Cairns, S. D. 1982. Antarct. Res. Ser. 11, 34 (1): 46, pl.14, figs.5-8.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 15 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 11 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 591 - 1908
  Temperature range (°C): 1.980 - 4.305
  Nitrate (umol/L): 27.543 - 37.503
  Salinity (PPS): 34.175 - 34.692
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.348 - 6.641
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.910 - 2.651
  Silicate (umol/l): 25.148 - 105.319

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 591 - 1908

Temperature range (°C): 1.980 - 4.305

Nitrate (umol/L): 27.543 - 37.503

Salinity (PPS): 34.175 - 34.692

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.348 - 6.641

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.910 - 2.651

Silicate (umol/l): 25.148 - 105.319
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Dispersal

Depth range

595-1896 m
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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