The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cairns S. D., 1977 (original description). 735-736. Article:A revision of the recent species of *Stephanocyathus* (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) in the western Atlantic, with descriptions of two new species. Pages:729-739. Journal:Bulletin of Marine Science. Abbreviation:Bull. Mar. Sci. Volume: 27. Number:4. Date of publication: 1977. External link.
  • Cairns S. D., 1979 . 2, 107, 108, 201, 223, 288, 290, 340. Article:The deep-water Scleractinia of the Caribbean Sea and adjacent waters. Pages:1-341. Journal:Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. Abbreviation:Stud. Fauna. Curaçao Caribbean Isl. Volume: 180. Date of publication: 1979. External link.
  • Cairns S. D., Hoeksema B. W., and van der Land J., 1999 . 24. Article:Appendix: List of extant stony corals. Pages:13-46. Journal:Atoll Research Bulletin. Abbreviation:Atoll Res. Bull. Volume: . Number:459. Date of publication: 1999. External link.
  • Cairns, Stephen D. 1999. Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. 59. 1-46
  • Holotype: Cairns, S. D. 1977. Bull. Mar. Sci. 27(4): 735-736, figs.8-12.
  • Land J. van der (ed) (†) (2015). URMO: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (version Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Paratype: Cairns, S. D. 1977. Bull. Mar. Sci. 27(4): 735-736, figs.8-12.
  • Reyes J. O., Santodomingo N., and Cairns S. D., 2009 . 1, 3, 18. Article:Caryophylliidae (Scleractinia) from the Colombian Caribbean. Pages:1-39. Journal:Zootaxa. Abbreviation:Zootaxa. Volume: 2262. Date of publication: 12 Oct. 2009, 2009. External link.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!