The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cairns S. D. and Zibrowius H., 1997 (original description). 28, 45, 46, 61, 97, 98, 101-102, 217, fig. 9 d-e, 242. Article:Cnidaria Anthozoa: azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. Pages:27-243. Journal:Memoires du Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Abbreviation:Mem. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (Paris). Volume: 172. Date of publication: 1997. External link.
  • Cairns S. D., 1998 . 363, 377. Article:Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Western Australia. Pages:361-417. Journal:Records of the Western Australian Museum (Perth). Abbreviation:Rec. W. Austral. Mus. Volume: 18. Date of publication: 1998. External link.
  • Cairns S. D., 2004 . 264, 277, 329. Article:The azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Coelenterata: Anthozoa) of Australia. Pages:259-329. Journal:Records of the Australian Museum (Sydney). Abbreviation:Rec. Austral. Mus. Volume: 56. Part:3. Date of publication: 2004. External link.
  • Cairns S. D., Hoeksema B. W., and van der Land J., 1999 . 20. Article:Appendix: List of extant stony corals. Pages:13-46. Journal:Atoll Research Bulletin. Abbreviation:Atoll Res. Bull. Volume: . Number:459. Date of publication: 1999. External link.
  • Cairns, S. (2014). Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) unicristata Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Cairns, S.D., and Zibrowius, H., 1997. Cnidaria Anthozoa: Azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. Mem. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. 172: 27-243, including 29 pls. (=MUSORSTOM Rep. 16).
  • Cairns, Stephen D. 1999. Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. 59. 1-46
  • Kitahara M. V., Cairns S. D., and Miller D. J., 2010 . 110, 111. Article:Monophyletic origin of *Caryophyllia* (Scleractinia, Caryophyllidae), with descriptions of six new species. Pages:91-118. Journal:Systematics and Biodiversity. Abbreviation:Syst. Biodiv. Volume: 8. Number:1. DOI:10.1080/14772000903571088. Date of publication: 2010. External link.
  • Land J. van der (ed) (†) (2013). URMO: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (version Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Paratype: Cairns, S. D. & Zibrowius. 1997. Mém. Mus. nat. Hist. nat. Paris. A, 172: 101,102.
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms


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