The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
- Serafy, D. Keith. 1979. Echinoids (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises, vol. V, pt. III. 1-120