The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Brown, L.H., E.K. Urban & K. Newman (1982). The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.
  • Collar, N. J. 2007. Taxonomic update: Species-level changes proposed for Asian birds, 2005-2006. Birding Asia 8:14-30.
  • D. J. Mji, “The parasites of Ardea melanocephala from Eastern Province”, Fort Hare Papers, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 257 - 301, 1951.
  • E. van den Broek and J. Jansen, Jr., “Parasites of animals in the Netherlands. I. Parasites of wild birds”, Ardea, vol. 52, pp. 111 - 116, 1964.
  • G. Moreno-Rueda
  • J. C. Senar, J. L. Copete, J. Domenech, and G. Vonwalter, “Prevalence of louse flies Diptera, Hippoboscidae parasiting a Cardueline finch and its effect on body condition”, Ardea, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 157 - 160, 1994.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp. External link.
  • WoRMS (2014). Ardea Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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