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 Thallus: foliose, continuously forming rosettes, 3-10 cm wide, loosely adnate, lobate; lobes: irregular, broad (5-17 mm wide), elongate; apices: usually subrotund, entire or crenulate, sometimes ascending; upper surface: gray to grayish brown, dull, usually strongly pubescent; isidia and soredia absent.but frequently with regeneration squamules marginally or along cracks; medulla: white; photobiont: the cyanobacterium Nostoc; lower surface: pale brown to yellow-brown or whitish, densely tomentose, white papillate (scarcely to densely); Apothecia: common, on lower surface at tips of lobes, orbicular, up to 15 mm diam., cup-shaped, sessile; dorsal surface: tomentose, coarsely scabrid and foveolate-reticulate; margin: prominent with thalloid rim; disc: dark brown; exciple: hyaline or light brown, 20-30 µm thick; epithecium: brown or brownish yellow; hypothecium: hyaline; asci: 8-spored; ascospores: fusiform, 3-septate, 21-24 x 4-6 µm; wall: thin, light brown; Pycnidia: marginal, immersed, punctiform, 0.15-0.20 mm diam.; conidia: rod-shaped, 4-5 x 1-2 µm; Spot tests: upper surface: K-, C-, KC-, P-; medulla K-, C-, KC-, P-; Secondary metabolites: none detected.; Habitat and ecology: on acidic rocks among mosses and tree trunks in moist canyons at mid- to high elevations, most common in spruce-fir regions; World distribution: South Pacific and Northern Hemisphere, where it occurs in boreal and north temperate regions and extends south along the west coasts in maritime influenced regions; Sonoran distribution: central and eastern Arizona. 


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© Lichen Unlimited: Arizona State University, Tempe.

Source: Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region

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