The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • J. W. Gregory. 1900. The Echinoidea. In E. R. Lankester (ed.), A Treatise on Zoology. Part III. The Echinodermata, A. & C. Black, London
  • Kroh, A.; Hansson, H. (2013). Arbacioida. In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2013) World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Serafy, D. Keith. 1979. Echinoids (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises, vol. V, pt. III. 1-120


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