The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- J. W. Gregory. 1900. The Echinoidea. In E. R. Lankester (ed.), A Treatise on Zoology. Part III. The Echinodermata, A. & C. Black, London
- Serafy, D. Keith. 1979. Echinoids (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises, vol. V, pt. III. 1-120