Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:36
Specimens with Sequences:35
Specimens with Barcodes:35
Species:5
Species With Barcodes:5
Public Records:35
Public Species:5
Public BINs:0
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Wikipedia

Leotia

Leotia is a genus of cup fungi of the phylum Ascomycota. Leotia species are globally distributed, and are believed to be saprobic.[1] They are commonly known as jelly babies because of the gelatinous texture of their fruiting bodies.

Biology[edit]

Leotia species are characterized by their capitate ascocarps. Within the class Leotiomycetes, Leotia species produce large fruiting bodies; their long-stalked apothecia bear a fertile layer of asci that covers the upper surface of a mushroom-like cap.

Leotia is closely related to Microglossum,[1] another genus characterized by capitate ascocarps. The species of Leotia have traditionally been defined largely by the fresh color of the ascocarps (tan in L. lubrica, olive-green in L. atrovirens, and green-headed with a yellow stalk in L. viscosa). However, a molecular phylogenetic study[2] revealed that color is a poor predictor of species affiliation, suggesting further study is needed to develop new, more predictive species concepts.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wang Z, Binder M, Schoch CL, Johnston PR, Spatafora JW, Hibbett DS (November 2006). "Evolution of helotialean fungi (Leotiomycetes, Pezizomycotina): a nuclear rDNA phylogeny". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 41 (2): 295–312. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.031. PMID 16837216. 
  2. ^ Zhong, Z; Pfister, DH. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships among species of Leotia (Leotiales) based on ITS and RPB2 sequences". Mycological Progress 3: 237–246. doi:10.1007/s11557-006-0094-8. 
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