Ecology

Associations

Known predators

plankton (plankton and marine detritus) is prey of:
Atherinidae
Bivalvia
Cyprinidae
Balanus balanoides
Mytilus edulis
Mytilus californianus
Pollicipes
Aves
Actinopterygii
Cephalopoda
Haplochromis kiwinge
Labidochromis vellicans
Cynotilapia afra
Barilius microcephalus
Varicorhinus nyasensis
Engraulicypris sardella
Blepharipoda
Emerita analoga
Tivela stultorum
Donax
Olivella
Fundulus
Chalina
Mytilus
Sertularia
Abietinaria
Metridium
Lichenophora
Clupea
Scomber
Cirripedia
Urochordata
Anthozoa
bryozoa
Halichondria
Spirorbis
Porifera
Spirobranchus giganteus
Tetraclita squamosa
Ectoprocta
Sipunculidae
Vermetidae
colonial sessile invertebrates
Serpulidae
Balanus
Diaulota densissima
Pagurus samuelis
zooplankton
Chthamalus dalli
Lasaea cistula
Balanus glandula
Musculus
Filicrisia franciscana
Balanus eburneus
Modiolus demissus
Molgula manhattensis
Haliplanella
Hydroides
Bugula
Schizoporella
Ascidiacea
Acmaea
Crepidula
Clava
Obelia
Myoxocephalus
Tautogolabrus
Solemya
Ensis
Macoma
Brachidontes
Mesodesma
Tivela
Emerita emerita
Austromenidia

Based on studies in:
USA: New York, Long Island (Marine)
Pacific: Bay of Panama (Littoral, Rocky shore)
Chile, central Chile (Littoral, Rocky shore)
Ireland (River)
USA: New England (Littoral, Rocky shore)
USA: Washington (Littoral, Rocky shore)
USA: New Jersey (Brackish water)
USA: Alaska, Torch Bay (Littoral, Rocky shore)
USA: Washington, Cape Flattery (Littoral, Rocky shore)
USA: California, Monterey Bay (Littoral, Rocky shore)
Antarctic (Marine)
USA: California (Coastal)
USA: Maine, Gulf of Maine (Littoral, Rocky shore)
Malawi, Lake Nyasa (Lake or pond)
Barbados (Littoral, Rocky shore)
USA: Massachusetts, Cape Ann (Marine)
Peru (Coastal)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • G. M. Woodwell, Toxic substances and ecological cycles, Sci. Am. 216(3):24-31, from pp. 26-27 (March 1967).
  • B. A. Menge and J. P. Sutherland, Species diversity gradients: synthesis of the roles of predation, competition and temporal heterogeneity, Am. Nat. 110(973):351-369, from p. 355 (1976).
  • B. A. Menge and J. P. Sutherland, Species diversity gradients: synthesis of the roles of predation, competition and temporal heterogeneity, Am. Nat.
  • B. A. Menge and J. P. Sutherland, Species diversity gradients: synthesis of the roles of predation, competition and temporal heterogeneity, Am. Nat. 110(973):351-369, from p. 360 (1976).
  • G. Fryer, The trophic interrelationships and ecology of some littoral communities of Lake Nyasa, Proc. London Zool. Soc. 132:153-281, from p. 218 (1959).
  • J. W. Nybakken, Marine Biology: An Ecological Approach (Harper and Row, New York, 1982), from p. 242.
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 272 (1947).
  • R. T. Paine, Food webs: linkage, interaction strength and community infrastructure, J. Anim. Ecol. 49:667-685, from p. 670 (1980).
  • F. Briand, unpublished observations
  • B. A. Menge, J. Lubchenco, S. D. Gaines and L. R. Ashkenas, A test of the Menge-Sutherland model of community organization in a tropical rocky intertidal food web, Oecologia (Berlin) 71:75-89, from p. 85 (1986).
  • D. C. Edwards, D. O. Conover, F. Sutter, Mobile predators and the structure of marine intertidal communities, Ecology 63(4):1175-1180, from p. 1178 (1982).
  • P. W. Glynn, Community composition, structure, and interrelationships in the marine intertidal Endocladia Muricata - Balanus glandula association in Monterey Bay, California, Beaufortia 12(148):1-198, from p. 133 (1965).
  • C. H. Peterson, The importance of predation and competition in organizing the intertidal epifaunal communities of Barnegat Inlet, New Jersey, Oecologia (Berlin) 39:1-24, from p. 8 (1979).
  • J. C. Castilla, Perspectivas de investigacion en estructura y dinamica de communidades intermareales rocosas de Chile Central. II. Depredadores de alto nivel trofico, Medio Ambiente 5(1-2):190-215, from p. 203 (1981).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 278 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 284 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 287 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 288 (1947).
  • H. W. Koepcke and M. Koepcke, Sobre el proceso de transformacion de la materia organica en las playas arenosas marinas del Peru. Publ. Univ. Nac. Mayer San Marcos, Zoologie Serie A, No. 8, from p. 24 (1952).
  • J. A. Kitching and F. J. Ebling, Ecological studies at Lough Ine, Adv. Ecol. Res. 4:197-291, from p. 288 (1967).
  • N. A. Mackintosh, A survey of antarctic biology up to 1945. In: Biologie antarctique, R. Carrick, M. Holdgate, J. Prevost, Eds. (Hermann, Paris, 1964), pp. 3-38.
  • G. Fryer, The trophic interrelationships and ecology of some littoral communities of Lake Nyasa, Proc. London Zool. Soc. 132:153-281, from p. 217 (1959).
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Known prey organisms

plankton (plankton and marine detritus) preys on:
Euphausia superba
herbivorous plankton

Based on studies in:
Antarctic (Marine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • N. A. Mackintosh, A survey of antarctic biology up to 1945. In: Biologie antarctique, R. Carrick, M. Holdgate, J. Prevost, Eds. (Hermann, Paris, 1964), pp. 3-38.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

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